Examining Cognitive Decline Across Black and White Participants in the Harvard Aging Brain Study
AuthorAmariglio, RE; Buckley, RF; Rabin, JS; Papp, KV; Quiroz, YT; Mormino, EC; Sparks, KP; Johnson, KA; Rentz, DM; Sperling, RA
Source TitleJournal of Alzheimer's Disease
University of Melbourne Author/sBuckley, Rachel
AffiliationMelbourne School of Psychological Sciences
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsAmariglio, R. E., Buckley, R. F., Rabin, J. S., Papp, K. V., Quiroz, Y. T., Mormino, E. C., Sparks, K. P., Johnson, K. A., Rentz, D. M. & Sperling, R. A. (2020). Examining Cognitive Decline Across Black and White Participants in the Harvard Aging Brain Study. JOURNAL OF ALZHEIMERS DISEASE, 75 (4), pp.1437-1446. https://doi.org/10.3233/JAD-191291.
Access StatusAccess this item via the Open Access location
Open Access URLAccepted version
BACKGROUND: Black Americans are approximately twice as likely to develop dementia as compared to White Americans and the magnitude of this disparity is often attributed to a variety of factors that include psychosocial and vascular risk factors. However, less is known about the potential contribution of Alzheimer's disease pathological differences. OBJECTIVE: To examine potential differences incross-sectional and longitudinal cognitive performance in black and white participants who were clinically normal at baseline. METHODS: 296 participants (48 African-American/black participants) underwent MRI and amyloid PET at baseline. Linear mixed models were used to examine the main effects of race, years of education, reading ability, Framingham Heart Study cardiovascular risk score (FHS-CVD), white matter hyperintensities (WMH), and amyloid (Aβ) burden on the Preclinical Alzheimer Cognitive Composite-5 (PACC5). RESULTS: Lower levels of educationalattainment and reading ability were found for blacks compared to whites. By contrast, no differences in FHS-CVD, WMH, or Aβ were found by racial group. Baseline differences in PACC5 score were attenuated after adjusting for educationalfactors, vascular factors, and Aβ, but remained lower for blacks compared to whites (β= -0.24, p = 0.014). Further, blacks demonstrated a faster rate of PACC5 decline longitudinally compared to whites (β = -0.055, p = 0.025) after adjusting for covariates. CONCLUSION: Accounting for educationalfactors, vascular factors, and Aβ burden diminished, but did not eliminate, racial differences in PACC5 performance longitudinally. Understanding potential differences in longitudinal cognitive outcomes by race may be important for upcoming secondary prevention trials.
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