Neural patterns during anticipation predict emotion regulation success for reappraisal
AuthorSchubert, E; Agathos, JA; Brydevall, M; Feuerriegel, D; Koval, P; Morawetz, C; Bode, S
Source TitleCognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience
AffiliationMelbourne School of Psychological Sciences
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsSchubert, E., Agathos, J. A., Brydevall, M., Feuerriegel, D., Koval, P., Morawetz, C. & Bode, S. (2020). Neural patterns during anticipation predict emotion regulation success for reappraisal. COGNITIVE AFFECTIVE & BEHAVIORAL NEUROSCIENCE, 20 (4), pp.888-900. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13415-020-00808-2.
Access StatusAccess this item via the Open Access location
Open Access URLPublished version
The ability to exert control over emotions, termed emotion regulation (ER), is vital for everyday functioning. ER success may be influenced by processes relating to the anticipation (prior to active regulation) and implementation (during active regulation) of ER strategy use. We investigated whether brain activity patterns recorded using electroencephalography (EEG) during the first second of anticipation and implementation of two ER strategies-distraction and reappraisal-were related to regulation success. Participants viewed negative images that evoked disgust and sadness. Before each image was presented, participants were cued to either passively view the image or decrease their emotional responses. ER success scores were calculated from subsequent self-reported disgust and sadness ratings. Using multivariate support vector regression, ER success scores were predicted from spatiotemporal patterns of event-related potentials during the first second of anticipation and implementation phases of each ER strategy. For both sadness and disgust, reappraisal success could be predicted during anticipation, while distraction success could be predicted during implementation. These findings suggest that early anticipatory cognitive processes are a key determinant of reappraisal success, but may not be similarly important for distraction. This may be because reappraisal is more cognitively demanding than distraction, requiring enhanced preparation of mental resources.
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