BCL-W is dispensable for the sustained survival of select Burkitt lymphoma and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma cell lines
AuthorDiepstraten, ST; Chang, C; Tai, L; Gong, J-N; Lan, P; Dowell, AC; Taylor, GS; Strasser, A; Kelly, GL
Source TitleBlood Advances
PublisherAMER SOC HEMATOLOGY
AffiliationMedical Biology (W.E.H.I.)
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsDiepstraten, S. T., Chang, C., Tai, L., Gong, J. -N., Lan, P., Dowell, A. C., Taylor, G. S., Strasser, A. & Kelly, G. L. (2020). BCL-W is dispensable for the sustained survival of select Burkitt lymphoma and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma cell lines. BLOOD ADVANCES, 4 (2), pp.356-366. https://doi.org/10.1182/bloodadvances.2019000541.
Access StatusAccess this item via the Open Access location
Open Access URLhttp://doi.org/10.1182/bloodadvances.2019000541
Dysregulated expression of BCL-2 family proteins allows cancer cells to escape apoptosis. To counter this, BH3-mimetic drugs that target and inhibit select BCL-2 prosurvival proteins to induce apoptosis have been developed for cancer therapy. Venetoclax, which targets BCL-2, has been effective as therapy for patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia, and MCL-1-targeting BH3-mimetic drugs have been extensively evaluated in preclinical studies for a range of blood cancers. Recently, BCL-W, a relatively understudied prosurvival member of the BCL-2 protein family, has been reported to be abnormally upregulated in Burkitt lymphoma (BL), diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), and Hodgkin lymphoma patient samples. Therefore, to determine if BCL-W would be a promising therapeutic target for B-cell lymphomas, we have examined the role of BCL-W in the sustained growth of human BL- and DLBCL-derived cell lines. We found that CRISPR/CAS9-mediated loss or short hairpin RNA-mediated knockdown of BCL-W expression in selected BL and DLBCL cell lines did not lead to spontaneous apoptosis and had no effect on their sensitivity to a range of BH3-mimetic drugs targeting other BCL-2 prosurvival proteins. Our results suggest that BCL-W is not universally required for the sustained growth and survival of human BL and DLBCL cell lines. Thus, targeting BCL-W in this subset of B-cell lymphomas may not be of broad therapeutic benefit.
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