Associations between self-efficacy and sedentary behaviour: a meta-analysis
AuthorSzczuka, Z; Banik, A; Abraham, C; Kulis, E; Luszczynska, A
Source TitlePsychology and Health: an international journal
PublisherTAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
University of Melbourne Author/sAbraham, Samuel
AffiliationMelbourne School of Psychological Sciences
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsSzczuka, Z., Banik, A., Abraham, C., Kulis, E. & Luszczynska, A. (2020). Associations between self-efficacy and sedentary behaviour: a meta-analysis. PSYCHOLOGY & HEALTH, https://doi.org/10.1080/08870446.2020.1784419.
Access StatusAccess this item via the Open Access location
Open Access URLhttp://doi.org/10.1080/08870446.2020.1784419
Objective: The study sought to synthesize research on the relationship between time spent engaged in sedentary behaviours (SB) and self-efficacy. Analyses investigated whether such associations are moderated by age, conceptualization of self-efficacy, conceptualization of SB, and/or SB measurement.Design and Main Outcome Measures: The review was registered with PROSPERO (no. CRD42018086899). Studies including associations between self-efficacy and SB were identified through a systematic search of six databases. Inclusion criteria were met by k = 26 original studies.Results: A random effect meta-analysis showed that higher levels of self-efficacy were associated with lower levels of SB (r = -.158, 95% CI [-.220, -.094]). Moderator analyses indicated that associations between self-efficacy and SB may be similar in strength across age groups, the conceptualizations of self-efficacy or SB and SB measurements.Conclusion: The findings provide preliminary guidance for future interventions targeting reduction of SB, although more longitudinal research is needed to draw causal inferences.
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