Variable CD34(+) recovery of cryopreserved allogeneic HPC products: transplant implications during the COVID-19 pandemic
AuthorPurtill, D; Antonenas, V; Chiappini, P; Tong, D; O'Flaherty, E; Bajel, A; Kabani, K; Larsen, S; Tan, S; Hutchins, C; ...
Source TitleBlood Advances
PublisherAMER SOC HEMATOLOGY
University of Melbourne Author/sCurtis, David
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsPurtill, D., Antonenas, V., Chiappini, P., Tong, D., O'Flaherty, E., Bajel, A., Kabani, K., Larsen, S., Tan, S., Hutchins, C., Curtis, D. J., Kennedy, G. A., Watson, A. -M., Bai, L., Greenwood, M., Gottlieb, D. J. & Hamad, N. (2020). Variable CD34(+) recovery of cryopreserved allogeneic HPC products: transplant implications during the COVID-19 pandemic. BLOOD ADVANCES, 4 (17), pp.4147-4150. https://doi.org/10.1182/bloodadvances.2020002431.
Access StatusAccess this item via the Open Access location
Open Access URLPublished version
Donor registries and transplantation societies recommend cryopreservation of unrelated donor hemopoietic progenitor cell (HPC) products before the recipient commences conditioning therapy to mitigate the donor and travel risks associated with the COVID-19 pandemic. However, little is known regarding the postthaw quality of such allogeneic products or the effect of precryopreservation storage and processing on these characteristics. We investigated the postthaw CD34+ cell recovery and viability of 305 allogeneic HPC products cryopreserved at 9 laboratories across Australia. Median postthaw CD34+ cell recovery was 76% and ranged from 6% to 122%. Longer transit time before cryopreservation, white cell count (WCC) during storage, and complex product manipulation before cryopreservation were independently associated with inferior postthaw CD34+ cell recovery. Longer precryopreservation transit time and WCC were also associated with inferior postthaw CD34+ cell viability. We conclude that although postthaw CD34+ cell recovery and viability of cryopreserved allogeneic HPC is generally acceptable, there is a significant risk of poor postthaw product quality, associated with prolonged storage time, higher WCC, and complex product manipulation precryopreservation. Awareness of expected postthaw recovery and practices that influence it will assist collection, processing, and transplant centers in optimizing outcomes for transplant recipients.
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