Relaxin-3 receptor (RXFP3) mediated modulation of central respiratory activity
AuthorFuruya, W; Dhingra, R; Gundlach, A; Hossain, M; Dutschmann, M
Source TitleThe FASEB Journal
University of Melbourne Author/sDutschmann, Mathias
AffiliationFlorey Department of Neuroscience and Mental Health
Document TypeConference Paper
CitationsFuruya, W., Dhingra, R., Gundlach, A., Hossain, M. & Dutschmann, M. (2020). Relaxin-3 receptor (RXFP3) mediated modulation of central respiratory activity. FASEB JOURNAL, 34, (S1), WILEY. https://doi.org/10.1096/fasebj.2020.34.s1.04788.
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The neuropeptide, relaxin‐3, is expressed by pontine nucleus incertus (NI) neurons. Relaxin‐3 and synthetic agonist peptides modulate arousal and cognitive processes via activation of the rela xin‐ family peptide 3 receptor (RXFP3). We recently demonstrated that a double‐chain RXFP3 peptidomimetic (RXFP3‐A2) in the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) triggered a mild stimulation of respiration and augmented the chemoreceptor reflex in an in situ perfused brainstem preparation ( ). In the present study, we assessed the central respiratory effects of systemic application and local microinjection into the NTS, Kölliker‐Fuse nucleus (KF) or NI of a single chain RXFP3 peptidomimetic (B18) in the perfused brainstem preparation. Systemic application of B18 (2 μM) triggered a dose‐dependent increase in respiratory rate by 22 ± 8%. At this concentration of B18, the NaCN‐evoked (0.1% w/v, 100 μl, bolus injection) tachycardia of the arterial chemoreceptor reflex was augmented by 95 ± 14% compared to control (p<0.001, n=4). Local microinjections into the NTS also increased respiratory frequency (28 ± 5%, p<0.05, n=6) and enhanced the NaCN‐evoked tachycardia by 59%. Microinjections into the KF only triggered a mild increase in respiratory frequency (18 ± 7%, p<0.05, n=6) but had no effect on the NaCN‐evoked chemoreceptor reflex. Finally, microinjections into the NI (n=6) had no effect on either stationary breathing activity, or on the chemoreceptor reflex. We conclude that relaxin‐3 neurons target RXFP3 in respiratory control areas and acts as a general respiratory stimulant, causing mild increases in respiratory frequency. Importantly, RXFP3 stimulation significantly enhanced the respiratory response of arterial chemoreceptor reflex, implicating a major neuromodulatory role in this specific reflex pathway.
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