SARS-CoV-2 testing and outcomes in the first 30 days after the first case ofCOVID-19 at an Australian children's hospital
AuthorIbrahim, LF; Tosif, S; McNab, S; Hall, S; Lee, HJ; Lewena, S; Daley, AJ; Crawford, NW; Steer, AC; Bryant, PA; ...
Source TitleEmergency Medicine Australasia
University of Melbourne Author/sBabl, Franz; Lewena, Stuart; Steer, Andrew; Crawford, Nigel; Bryant, Penelope; Daley, Andrew; Ibrahim, Laila; McNab, Sarah; Tosif, Shidan; Hall, Samantha
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsIbrahim, L. F., Tosif, S., McNab, S., Hall, S., Lee, H. J., Lewena, S., Daley, A. J., Crawford, N. W., Steer, A. C., Bryant, P. A. & Babl, F. E. (2020). SARS-CoV-2 testing and outcomes in the first 30 days after the first case ofCOVID-19 at an Australian children's hospital. Emergency Medicine Australasia, 32 (5), pp.801-808. https://doi.org/10.1111/1742-6723.13550.
Access StatusAccess this item via the Open Access location
Open Access URLPublished version
Objective International studies describing COVID‐19 in children have shown low proportions of paediatric cases and generally a mild clinical course. We aimed to present early data on children tested for SARS‐CoV‐2 at a large Australian tertiary children's hospital according to the state health department guidelines, which varied over time. Methods We conducted a retrospective cohort study at The Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia. It included all paediatric patients (aged 0–18 years) who presented to the ED or the Respiratory Infection Clinic (RIC) and were tested for SARS‐CoV‐2. The 30‐day study period commenced after the first confirmed positive case was detected at the hospital on 21 March 2020, until 19 April 2020. We recorded epidemiological and clinical data. Results There were 433 patients in whom SARS‐CoV‐2 testing was performed in ED (331 [76%]) or RIC (102 [24%]). There were four (0.9%) who had positive SARS‐CoV‐2 detected, none of whom were admitted to hospital or developed severe disease. Of these SARS‐CoV‐2 positive patients, 1/4 (25%) had a comorbidity, which was asthma. Of the SARS‐CoV‐2 negative patients, 196/429 (46%) had comorbidities. Risk factors for COVID‐19 were identified in 4/4 SARS‐CoV‐2 positive patients and 47/429 (11%) SARS‐CoV‐2 negative patients. Conclusion Our study identified a very low rate of SARS‐CoV‐2 positive cases in children presenting to a tertiary ED or RIC, none of whom were admitted to hospital. A high proportion of patients who were SARS‐CoV‐2 negative had comorbidities.
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