Clinical benefits of Tocilizumab inCOVID-19-related cytokine release syndrome in a patient with end-stage kidney disease on haemodialysis in Australia
AuthorStephen, S; Park, Y-A; Chrysostomou, A
University of Melbourne Author/sChrysostomou, Anastasia
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsStephen, S., Park, Y. -A. & Chrysostomou, A. (2020). Clinical benefits of Tocilizumab inCOVID-19-related cytokine release syndrome in a patient with end-stage kidney disease on haemodialysis in Australia. NEPHROLOGY, 25 (11), pp.845-849. https://doi.org/10.1111/nep.13767.
Access StatusAccess this item via the Open Access location
Open Access URLPublished version
COVID-19 remains a global pandemic with more than 10 million cases and half a million deaths worldwide. The disease manifestations in patients with chronic kidney disease and especially those on haemodialysis are still being understood, with only a few overseas case series, and small observational trials thus far. It appears that the disease is more severe in this patient cohort. Part of the pathophysiology of severe COVID-19 is related to accompanying cytokine release syndrome (CRS). Tocilizumab, an interleukin-6 inhibitor, has been trialled for treatment of CRS in COVID-19, but not yet approved. We present a case of an Australian patient on long-term haemodialysis with severe COVID-19 who was successfully treated with Tocilizumab. The peak of her illness was on day 7, with a C-reactive protein of 624 mg/L (reference < 5 mg/L), ferritin of 5293 ng/mL (reference 30-500 ng/mL), and interleukin-6 level 1959.7 pg/mL, consistent with CRS. She was severely hypoxic on a ventilator, with rising inotropic requirements. With the use of Tocilizumab, there was a significant and immediate response in her inflammatory markers, and she made a steady recovery. The patient was discharged home 6 weeks after presentation.
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