School environment assessment tools to address behavioural risk factors of non-communicable diseases: A scoping review.
AuthorSaluja, K; Rawal, T; Bassi, S; Bhaumik, S; Singh, A; Park, MH; Kinra, S; Arora, M
Source TitlePreventive Medicine Reports
University of Melbourne Author/sSingh, Ankur
AffiliationMelbourne School of Population and Global Health
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsSaluja, K., Rawal, T., Bassi, S., Bhaumik, S., Singh, A., Park, M. H., Kinra, S. & Arora, M. (2018). School environment assessment tools to address behavioural risk factors of non-communicable diseases: A scoping review.. Prev Med Rep, 10, pp.1-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2018.01.014.
Access StatusOpen Access
Open Access at PMChttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5984208
We aimed to identify, describe and analyse school environment assessment (SEA) tools that address behavioural risk factors (unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, tobacco and alcohol consumption) for non-communicable diseases (NCD). We searched in MEDLINE and Web of Science, hand-searched reference lists and contacted experts. Basic characteristics, measures assessed and measurement properties (validity, reliability, usability) of identified tools were extracted. We narratively synthesized the data and used content analysis to develop a list of measures used in the SEA tools. Twenty-four SEA tools were identified, mostly from developed countries. Out of these, 15 were questionnaire based, 8 were checklists or observation based tools and one tool used a combined checklist/observation based and telephonic questionnaire approach. Only 1 SEA tool had components related to all the four NCD risk factors, 2 SEA tools has assessed three NCD risk factors (diet/nutrition, physical activity, tobacco), 10 SEA tools has assessed two NCD risk factors (diet/nutrition and physical activity) and 11 SEA tools has assessed only one of the NCD risk factor. Several measures were used in the tools to assess the four NCD risk factors, but tobacco and alcohol was sparingly included. Measurement properties were reported for 14 tools. The review provides a comprehensive list of measures used in SEA tools which could be a valuable resource to guide future development of such tools. A valid and reliable SEA tool which could simultaneously evaluate all NCD risk factors, that has been tested in different settings with varying resource availability is needed.
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