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dc.contributor.authorBoiger, M
dc.contributor.authorDe Deyne, S
dc.contributor.authorMesquita, B
dc.date.accessioned2020-12-17T03:19:12Z
dc.date.available2020-12-17T03:19:12Z
dc.date.issued2013-12-05
dc.identifier.citationBoiger, M., De Deyne, S. & Mesquita, B. (2013). Emotions in "the world": cultural practices, products, and meanings of anger and shame in two individualist cultures. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY, 4 (DEC), https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00867.
dc.identifier.issn1664-1078
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11343/254834
dc.description.abstractThree studies tested the idea that people's cultural worlds are structured in ways that promote and highlight emotions and emotional responses that are beneficial in achieving central goals in their culture. Based on the idea that U.S. Americans strive for competitive individualism, while (Dutch-speaking) Belgians favor a more egalitarian variant of individualism, we predicted that anger and shame, as well as their associated responses, would be beneficial to different extents in these two cultural contexts. A questionnaire study found that cultural practices promote beneficial emotions (anger in the United States, shame in Belgium) and avoid harmful emotions (shame in the United States): emotional interactions were perceived to occur more or less frequently to the extent that they elicited culturally beneficial or harmful emotions. Similarly, a cultural product analysis showed that popular children's books from the United States and Belgium tend to portray culturally beneficial emotions more than culturally harmful emotions. Finally, a word-association study of the shared cultural meanings surrounding anger and shame provided commensurate evidence at the level of the associated response. In each language network, anger and shame were imbued with meanings that reflected the cultural significance of the emotion: while culturally consistent emotions carried relatively stronger connotations of emotional yielding (e.g., giving in to anger and aggressing against the offender in the United States), culturally inconsistent emotions carried relatively stronger connotations of emotional containment (e.g., a stronger emphasis on suppressing or transforming shame in the United States).
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherFRONTIERS MEDIA SA
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
dc.titleEmotions in "the world": cultural practices, products, and meanings of anger and shame in two individualist cultures
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.identifier.doi10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00867
melbourne.affiliation.departmentMelbourne School of Psychological Sciences
melbourne.source.titleFrontiers in Psychology
melbourne.source.volume4
melbourne.source.issueDEC
dc.rights.licenseCC BY
melbourne.elementsid1323715
melbourne.openaccess.pmchttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3852096
melbourne.contributor.authorDe Deyne, Simon
dc.identifier.eissn1664-1078
melbourne.accessrightsOpen Access


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