MIDAS (Modafinil in Debilitating Fatigue After Stroke) A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Cross-Over Trial
AuthorBivard, A; Lillicrap, T; Krishnamurthy, V; Holliday, E; Attia, J; Pagram, H; Nilsson, M; Parsons, M; Levi, CR
PublisherLIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsBivard, A., Lillicrap, T., Krishnamurthy, V., Holliday, E., Attia, J., Pagram, H., Nilsson, M., Parsons, M. & Levi, C. R. (2017). MIDAS (Modafinil in Debilitating Fatigue After Stroke) A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Cross-Over Trial. STROKE, 48 (5), pp.1293-1298. https://doi.org/10.1161/STROKEAHA.116.016293.
Access StatusOpen Access
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the efficacy of modafinil, a wakefulness-promoting agent in alleviating post-stroke fatigue ≥3 months after stroke. We hypothesized that 200 mg of modafinil daily for 6 weeks would result in reduced symptoms of fatigue compared with placebo. METHODS: This single-center phase 2 trial used a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover design. The key inclusion criterion was a multidimensional fatigue inventory score of ≥60. Patients were randomized to either modafinil or placebo for 6 weeks of therapy, then after a 1 week washout period swapped treatment arms for a second 6 weeks of therapy. The primary outcome was the multidimensional fatigue inventory; secondary outcomes included the Montreal cognitive assessment, the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS), and the Stroke-Specific Quality of Life (SSQoL) scale. The multidimensional fatigue inventory is a self-administered questionnaire with a range of 0 to 100. Treatment efficacy was assessed using linear regression by estimating within-person, baseline-adjusted differences in mean outcomes after therapy. This trial was registered with the Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry (ACTRN12615000350527). RESULTS: A total of 232 stroke survivors were screened and 36 were randomized. Participants receiving modafinil reported a significant decrease in fatigue (multidimensional fatigue inventory, -7.38; 95% CI, -21.76 to -2.99; P<0.001) and improved quality of life (SSQoL, 11.81; 95% CI, 2.31 to 21.31; P=0.0148) compared with placebo. Montreal cognitive assessment and DASS were not significantly improved with modafinil therapy during the study period (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Stroke survivors with nonresolving fatigue reported reduced fatigue and improved quality of life after taking 200 mg daily treatment with modafinil. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.anzctr.org.au/Trial/Registration/TrialReview.aspx?id=368268. Unique identifier: ACTRN12615000350527.
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