Targeted insertion of an anti-CD2 monoclonal antibody transgene into the GGTA1 locus in pigs using FokI-dCas9
AuthorNottle, MB; Salvaris, EJ; Fisicaro, N; McIlfatrick, S; Vassiliev, I; Hawthorne, WJ; O'Connell, PJ; Brady, JL; Lew, AM; Cowan, PJ
Source TitleScientific Reports
PublisherNATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
AffiliationMedicine and Radiology
Medical Biology (W.E.H.I.)
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsNottle, M. B., Salvaris, E. J., Fisicaro, N., McIlfatrick, S., Vassiliev, I., Hawthorne, W. J., O'Connell, P. J., Brady, J. L., Lew, A. M. & Cowan, P. J. (2017). Targeted insertion of an anti-CD2 monoclonal antibody transgene into the GGTA1 locus in pigs using FokI-dCas9. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 7 (1), https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-09030-6.
Access StatusOpen Access
Xenotransplantation from pigs has been advocated as a solution to the perennial shortage of donated human organs and tissues. CRISPR/Cas9 has facilitated the silencing of genes in donor pigs that contribute to xenograft rejection. However, the generation of modified pigs using second-generation nucleases with much lower off-target mutation rates than Cas9, such as FokI-dCas9, has not been reported. Furthermore, there have been no reports on the use of CRISPR to knock protective transgenes into detrimental porcine genes. In this study, we used FokI-dCas9 with two guide RNAs to integrate a 7.1 kilobase pair transgene into exon 9 of the GGTA1 gene in porcine fetal fibroblasts. The modified cells lacked expression of the αGal xenoantigen, and secreted an anti-CD2 monoclonal antibody encoded by the transgene. PCR and sequencing revealed precise integration of the transgene into one allele of GGTA1, and a small deletion in the second allele. The cells were used for somatic cell nuclear transfer to generate healthy male knock-in piglets, which did not express αGal and which contained anti-CD2 in their serum. We have therefore developed a versatile high-fidelity system for knocking transgenes into the pig genome for xenotransplantation purposes.
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