Circular RNAs: Isolation, characterization and their potential role in diseases
AuthorLiu, L; Wang, J; Khanabdali, R; Kalionis, B; Tai, X; Xia, S
Source TitleRNA Biology
PublisherTAYLOR & FRANCIS INC
AffiliationObstetrics and Gynaecology
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsLiu, L., Wang, J., Khanabdali, R., Kalionis, B., Tai, X. & Xia, S. (2017). Circular RNAs: Isolation, characterization and their potential role in diseases. RNA BIOLOGY, 14 (12), pp.1715-1721. https://doi.org/10.1080/15476286.2017.1367886.
Access StatusOpen Access
Circular RNA (circRNA) generated by alternative splicing represents a special class of non-coding RNA molecule. CircRNAs are abundant in the eukaryotic cell cytoplasm and have a characteristic organization, timing of action and disease specificity. In contrast to linear RNA, circRNAs are resistant to RNA exonuclease. Consequently, circRNA escapes normal RNA turnover and this improves circRNA stability. CircRNAs can be degraded by microRNA (miRNA) and this results in linearization of the circRNA, which can then act as competitor to endogenous RNA. Through interactions with disease-related miRNA, circRNA can play an important regulatory role in specific diseases. Furthermore, circRNAs have significant potential to become new clinical diagnostic markers.
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