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dc.contributor.authorPawlowski, CS
dc.contributor.authorTjornhoj-Thomsen, T
dc.contributor.authorSchipperijn, J
dc.contributor.authorTroelsen, J
dc.date.accessioned2020-12-17T03:51:26Z
dc.date.available2020-12-17T03:51:26Z
dc.date.issued2014-06-23
dc.identifierpii: 1471-2458-14-639
dc.identifier.citationPawlowski, C. S., Tjornhoj-Thomsen, T., Schipperijn, J. & Troelsen, J. (2014). Barriers for recess physical activity: a gender specific qualitative focus group exploration. BMC PUBLIC HEALTH, 14 (1), https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-639.
dc.identifier.issn1471-2458
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11343/255061
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: Many children, in particular girls, do not reach the recommended amount of daily physical activity. School recess provides an opportunity for both boys and girls to be physically active, but barriers to recess physical activity are not well understood. This study explores gender differences in children's perceptions of barriers to recess physical activity. Based on the socio-ecological model four types of environmental barriers were distinguished: natural, social, physical and organizational environment. METHODS: Data were collected through 17 focus groups (at 17 different schools) with in total 111 children (53 boys) from fourth grade, with a mean age of 10.4 years. The focus groups included an open group discussion, go-along group interviews, and a gender segregated post-it note activity. A content analysis of the post-it notes was used to rank the children's perceived barriers. This was verified by a thematic analysis of transcripts from the open discussions and go-along interviews. RESULTS: The most frequently identified barriers for both boys and girls were weather, conflicts, lack of space, lack of play facilities and a newly-found barrier, use of electronic devices. While boys and girls identified the same barriers, there were both inter- and intra-gender differences in the perception of these barriers. Weather was a barrier for all children, apart from the most active boys. Conflicts were perceived as a barrier particularly by those boys who played ballgames. Girls said they would like to have more secluded areas added to the school playground, even in large schoolyards where lack of space was not a barrier. This aligned with girls' requests for more "hanging-out" facilities, whereas boys primarily wanted activity promoting facilities. CONCLUSION: Based on the results from this study, we recommend promoting recess physical activity through a combination of actions, addressing barriers within the natural, social, physical and organizational environment.
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherBMC
dc.titleBarriers for recess physical activity: a gender specific qualitative focus group exploration
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/1471-2458-14-639
melbourne.affiliation.departmentMelbourne School of Population and Global Health
melbourne.source.titleBMC Public Health
melbourne.source.volume14
melbourne.source.issue1
dc.rights.licenseCC BY
melbourne.elementsid1231476
melbourne.contributor.authorTroelsen, Jens
dc.identifier.eissn1471-2458
melbourne.accessrightsOpen Access


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