Ethnology and colonial administration in nineteenth-century British India: The question of native crime and criminality
Source TitleBritish Journal for the History of Science
PublisherCambridge University Press (CUP)
University of Melbourne Author/sBrown, Mark
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsBrown, M. (2003). Ethnology and colonial administration in nineteenth-century British India: The question of native crime and criminality. British Journal for the History of Science, 36 (2), pp.201-219. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007087403005004.
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C1 - Journal Articles Refereed
This paper examines the central role of ethnology, the science of race, in the administration of colonial India. This occurred on two levels. First, from the late eighteenth century onwards, proto-scientists and administrators in India engaged with metropolitan theorists through the provision of data on native society and habits. Second, these same agents were continually and reciprocally influenced in the collection and use of such data by the political doctrines and scientific theories that developed over the course of this period. Among the central interests of ethnographer-administrators was the native criminal and this paper uses knowledge developed about native crime and criminality to illustrate the way science became integral to administration in the colonial domain.
KeywordsLegal History; Law and Society; Justice and the Law not elsewhere classified; Studies in Human Society
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