p53 hypersensitivity is the predominant mechanism of the unique responsiveness of testicular germ cell tumor (TGCT) cells to cisplatin.
AuthorGutekunst, M; Oren, M; Weilbacher, A; Dengler, MA; Markwardt, C; Thomale, J; Aulitzky, WE; van der Kuip, H
Source TitlePLoS One
PublisherPublic Library of Science (PLoS)
University of Melbourne Author/sDengler, Michael
AffiliationMedical Biology (W.E.H.I.)
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsGutekunst, M., Oren, M., Weilbacher, A., Dengler, M. A., Markwardt, C., Thomale, J., Aulitzky, W. E. & van der Kuip, H. (2011). p53 hypersensitivity is the predominant mechanism of the unique responsiveness of testicular germ cell tumor (TGCT) cells to cisplatin.. PLoS One, 6 (4), pp.e19198-. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0019198.
Access StatusOpen Access
Open Access at PMChttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3080918
Consistent with the excellent clinical results in testicular germ cell tumors (TGCT), most cell lines derived from this cancer show an exquisite sensitivity to Cisplatin. It is well accepted that the high susceptibility of TGCT cells to apoptosis plays a central role in this hypersensitive phenotype. The role of the tumor suppressor p53 in this response, however, remains controversial. Here we show that siRNA-mediated silencing of p53 is sufficient to completely abrogate hypersensitivity not only to Cisplatin but also to non-genotoxic inducers of p53 such as the Mdm2 antagonist Nutlin-3 and the proteasome inhibitor Bortezomib. The close relationship between p53 protein levels and induction of apoptosis is lost upon short-term differentiation, indicating that this predominant pro-apoptotic function of p53 is unique in pluripotent embryonal carcinoma (EC) cells. RNA interference experiments as well as microarray analysis demonstrated a central role of the pro-apoptotic p53 target gene NOXA in the p53-dependent apoptotic response of these cells. In conclusion, our data indicate that the hypersensitivity of TGCT cells is a result of their unique sensitivity to p53 activation. Furthermore, in the very specific cellular context of germ cell-derived pluripotent EC cells, p53 function appears to be limited to induction of apoptosis.
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