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dc.contributor.authorStroehlein, AJ
dc.contributor.authorYoung, ND
dc.contributor.authorKorhonen, PK
dc.contributor.authorHall, RS
dc.contributor.authorJex, AR
dc.contributor.authorWebster, BL
dc.contributor.authorRollinson, D
dc.contributor.authorBrindley, PJ
dc.contributor.authorGasser, RB
dc.date.accessioned2020-12-17T04:21:27Z
dc.date.available2020-12-17T04:21:27Z
dc.date.issued2018-05-01
dc.identifierpii: PNTD-D-18-00368
dc.identifier.citationStroehlein, A. J., Young, N. D., Korhonen, P. K., Hall, R. S., Jex, A. R., Webster, B. L., Rollinson, D., Brindley, P. J. & Gasser, R. B. (2018). The small RNA complement of adult Schistosoma haematobium. PLOS NEGLECTED TROPICAL DISEASES, 12 (5), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0006535.
dc.identifier.issn1935-2735
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11343/255273
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: Blood flukes of the genus Schistosoma cause schistosomiasis-a neglected tropical disease (NTD) that affects more than 200 million people worldwide. Studies of schistosome genomes have improved our understanding of the molecular biology of flatworms, but most of them have focused largely on protein-coding genes. Small non-coding RNAs (sncRNAs) have been explored in selected schistosome species and are suggested to play essential roles in the post-transcriptional regulation of genes, and in modulating flatworm-host interactions. However, genome-wide small RNA data are currently lacking for key schistosomes including Schistosoma haematobium-the causative agent of urogenital schistosomiasis of humans. METHODOLOGY: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) and other sncRNAs of male and female adults of S. haematobium and small RNA transcription levels were explored by deep sequencing, genome mapping and detailed bioinformatic analyses. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: In total, 89 transcribed miRNAs were identified in S. haematobium-a similar complement to those reported for the congeners S. mansoni and S. japonicum. Of these miRNAs, 34 were novel, with no homologs in other schistosomes. Most miRNAs (n = 64) exhibited sex-biased transcription, suggestive of roles in sexual differentiation, pairing of adult worms and reproductive processes. Of the sncRNAs that were not miRNAs, some related to the spliceosome (n = 21), biogenesis of other RNAs (n = 3) or ribozyme functions (n = 16), whereas most others (n = 3798) were novel ('orphans') with unknown functions. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides the first genome-wide sncRNA resource for S. haematobium, extending earlier studies of schistosomes. The present work should facilitate the future curation and experimental validation of sncRNA functions in schistosomes to enhance our understanding of post-transcriptional gene regulation and of the roles that sncRNAs play in schistosome reproduction, development and parasite-host cross-talk.
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherPUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
dc.titleThe small RNA complement of adult Schistosoma haematobium
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pntd.0006535
melbourne.affiliation.departmentVeterinary Biosciences
melbourne.source.titlePLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
melbourne.source.volume12
melbourne.source.issue5
dc.rights.licenseCC BY
melbourne.elementsid1332734
melbourne.contributor.authorYoung, Neil
melbourne.contributor.authorStroehlein, Andreas
melbourne.contributor.authorKorhonen, Pasi
melbourne.contributor.authorJex, Aaron
melbourne.contributor.authorGasser, Robin
dc.identifier.eissn1935-2735
melbourne.accessrightsOpen Access


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