Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorMoore, GF
dc.contributor.authorMoore, L
dc.contributor.authorLittlecott, HJ
dc.contributor.authorAhmed, N
dc.contributor.authorLewis, S
dc.contributor.authorSulley, G
dc.contributor.authorJones, E
dc.contributor.authorHolliday, J
dc.date.accessioned2020-12-18T02:36:44Z
dc.date.available2020-12-18T02:36:44Z
dc.date.issued2015-01-01
dc.identifierpii: bmjopen-2014-006914
dc.identifier.citationMoore, G. F., Moore, L., Littlecott, H. J., Ahmed, N., Lewis, S., Sulley, G., Jones, E. & Holliday, J. (2015). Prevalence of smoking restrictions and child exposure to secondhand smoke in cars and homes: a repeated cross-sectional survey of children aged 10-11 years in Wales. BMJ OPEN, 5 (1), https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2014-006914.
dc.identifier.issn2044-6055
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11343/255421
dc.description.abstractOBJECTIVE: Small increases in smoking restrictions in cars and homes were reported after legislation prohibiting smoking in public places. Few studies examine whether these changes continued in the longer term. This study examines changes in restrictions on smoking in cars and homes, and child exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) in these locations, since 2008 postlegislation surveys in Wales. SETTING: State-maintained primary schools in Wales (n=75). PARTICIPANTS: Children aged 10-11 years (year 6) completed CHETS (CHild exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke) Wales surveys in 2007 (n=1612) and 2008 (n=1605). A replication survey (CHETS Wales 2) was conducted in 2014, including 1601 children. PRIMARY OUTCOME VARIABLE: Children's reports of whether smoking was allowed in their car or home and exposure to SHS in a car or home the previous day. RESULTS: The percentage of children who reported that smoking was allowed in their family vehicle fell from 18% to 9% in 2014 (OR=0.42; 95% CI 0.33 to 0.54). The percentage living in homes where smoking was allowed decreased from 37% to 26% (OR=0.30; 95% CI 0.20 to 0.43). Among children with a parent who smoked, one in five and one in two continued to report that smoking was allowed in their car and home. The percentage reporting SHS exposure in a car (OR=0.52; 95% CI 0.38 to 0.72) or home (OR=0.44; 95% CI 0.36 to 0.53) the previous day also fell. Children from poorer families remained less likely to report smoking restrictions. CONCLUSIONS: Smoking in cars and homes has continued to decline. Substantial numbers of children continue to report that smoking is allowed in cars and homes, particularly children from poorer families. A growing number of countries have legislated, or plan to legislate, banning smoking in cars carrying children. Attention is needed to the impact of legislation on child health and health inequalities, and reducing smoking in homes.
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherBMJ PUBLISHING GROUP
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
dc.titlePrevalence of smoking restrictions and child exposure to secondhand smoke in cars and homes: a repeated cross-sectional survey of children aged 10-11 years in Wales
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.identifier.doi10.1136/bmjopen-2014-006914
melbourne.affiliation.departmentMelbourne School of Population and Global Health
melbourne.source.titleBMJ Open
melbourne.source.volume5
melbourne.source.issue1
dc.rights.licenseCC BY
melbourne.elementsid1283506
melbourne.contributor.authorMoore, Laurence
dc.identifier.eissn2044-6055
melbourne.accessrightsOpen Access


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record