Targeting Neutrophils to Prevent Malaria-Associated Acute Lung Injury/Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Mice
AuthorSercundes, MK; Ortolan, LS; Debone, D; Soeiro-Pereira, PV; Gomes, E; Aitken, EH; Neto, AC; Russo, M; D' Imperio Lima, MR; Alvarez, JM; ...
Source TitlePLoS Pathogens
PublisherPUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
University of Melbourne Author/sAitken, Elizabeth
AffiliationMedicine and Radiology
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsSercundes, M. K., Ortolan, L. S., Debone, D., Soeiro-Pereira, P. V., Gomes, E., Aitken, E. H., Neto, A. C., Russo, M., D' Imperio Lima, M. R., Alvarez, J. M., Portugal, S., Marinho, C. R. F. & Epiphanio, S. (2016). Targeting Neutrophils to Prevent Malaria-Associated Acute Lung Injury/Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Mice. PLOS PATHOGENS, 12 (12), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1006054.
Access StatusOpen Access
Malaria remains one of the greatest burdens to global health, causing nearly 500,000 deaths in 2014. When manifesting in the lungs, severe malaria causes acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ALI/ARDS). We have previously shown that a proportion of DBA/2 mice infected with Plasmodium berghei ANKA (PbA) develop ALI/ARDS and that these mice recapitulate various aspects of the human syndrome, such as pulmonary edema, hemorrhaging, pleural effusion and hypoxemia. Herein, we investigated the role of neutrophils in the pathogenesis of malaria-associated ALI/ARDS. Mice developing ALI/ARDS showed greater neutrophil accumulation in the lungs compared with mice that did not develop pulmonary complications. In addition, mice with ALI/ARDS produced more neutrophil-attracting chemokines, myeloperoxidase and reactive oxygen species. We also observed that the parasites Plasmodium falciparum and PbA induced the formation of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) ex vivo, which were associated with inflammation and tissue injury. The depletion of neutrophils, treatment with AMD3100 (a CXCR4 antagonist), Pulmozyme (human recombinant DNase) or Sivelestat (inhibitor of neutrophil elastase) decreased the development of malaria-associated ALI/ARDS and significantly increased mouse survival. This study implicates neutrophils and NETs in the genesis of experimentally induced malaria-associated ALI/ARDS and proposes a new therapeutic approach to improve the prognosis of severe malaria.
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