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dc.contributor.authorGilchrist, G
dc.contributor.authorSwan, D
dc.contributor.authorWidyaratna, K
dc.contributor.authorMarquez-Arrico, JE
dc.contributor.authorHughes, E
dc.contributor.authorMdege, ND
dc.contributor.authorMartyn-St James, M
dc.contributor.authorTirado-Munoz, J
dc.date.accessioned2020-12-18T03:14:26Z
dc.date.available2020-12-18T03:14:26Z
dc.date.issued2017-07-01
dc.identifierpii: 10.1007/s10461-017-1755-0
dc.identifier.citationGilchrist, G., Swan, D., Widyaratna, K., Marquez-Arrico, J. E., Hughes, E., Mdege, N. D., Martyn-St James, M. & Tirado-Munoz, J. (2017). A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Psychosocial Interventions to Reduce Drug and Sexual Blood Borne Virus Risk Behaviours Among People Who Inject Drugs. AIDS AND BEHAVIOR, 21 (7), pp.1791-1811. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-017-1755-0.
dc.identifier.issn1090-7165
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11343/255689
dc.description.abstractOpiate substitution treatment and needle exchanges have reduced blood borne virus (BBV) transmission among people who inject drugs (PWID). Psychosocial interventions could further prevent BBV. A systematic review and meta-analysis examined whether psychosocial interventions (e.g. CBT, skills training) compared to control interventions reduced BBV risk behaviours among PWID. 32 and 24 randomized control trials (2000-May 2015 in MEDLINE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Cochrane Collaboration and Clinical trials, with an update in MEDLINE to December 2016) were included in the review and meta-analysis respectively. Psychosocial interventions appear to reduce: sharing of needles/syringes compared to education/information (SMD -0.52; 95% CI -1.02 to -0.03; I2 = 10%; p = 0.04) or HIV testing/counselling (SMD -0.24; 95% CI -0.44 to -0.03; I2 = 0%; p = 0.02); sharing of other injecting paraphernalia (SMD -0.24; 95% CI -0.42 to -0.06; I2 = 0%; p < 0.01) and unprotected sex (SMD -0.44; 95% CI -0.86 to -0.01; I2 = 79%; p = 0.04) compared to interventions of a lesser time/intensity, however, moderate to high heterogeneity was reported. Such interventions could be included with other harm reduction approaches to prevent BBV transmission among PWID.
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherSPRINGER/PLENUM PUBLISHERS
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
dc.titleA Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Psychosocial Interventions to Reduce Drug and Sexual Blood Borne Virus Risk Behaviours Among People Who Inject Drugs
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s10461-017-1755-0
melbourne.affiliation.departmentGeneral Practice
melbourne.source.titleAIDS and Behavior
melbourne.source.volume21
melbourne.source.issue7
melbourne.source.pages1791-1811
dc.rights.licenseCC BY
melbourne.elementsid1196949
melbourne.contributor.authorGilchrist, Gail
dc.identifier.eissn1573-3254
melbourne.accessrightsOpen Access


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