Investigating the long-term impact of a childhood sun-exposure intervention, with a focus on eye health: protocol for the Kidskin-Young Adult Myopia Study
AuthorLingham, G; Milne, E; Cross, D; English, DR; Johnston, RS; Lucas, RM; Yazar, S; Mackey, DA
Source TitleBMJ Open
PublisherBMJ PUBLISHING GROUP
AffiliationMelbourne School of Population and Global Health
Ophthalmology (Eye & Ear Hospital)
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsLingham, G., Milne, E., Cross, D., English, D. R., Johnston, R. S., Lucas, R. M., Yazar, S. & Mackey, D. A. (2018). Investigating the long-term impact of a childhood sun-exposure intervention, with a focus on eye health: protocol for the Kidskin-Young Adult Myopia Study. BMJ OPEN, 8 (1), https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-020868.
Access StatusOpen Access
INTRODUCTION: Excessive and insufficient sun exposure during childhood have been linked to serious diseases in later life; for example, insufficient sun exposure during childhood may increase the risk of developing myopia. The Kidskin-Young Adult Myopia Study (K-YAMS) is a follow-up of participants in the Kidskin Study, a non-randomised controlled trial that evaluated the effect of a 4-year educational intervention on sun-protection behaviours among primary school children in the late 1990s. Children who received the Kidskin intervention had lower levels of sun exposure compared with peers in the control group after 2 and 4 years of the intervention, but this was not maintained 2 years after the intervention had ceased. Thus, a follow-up of Kidskin Study participants provides a novel opportunity to investigate the associations between a childhood sun-exposure intervention and potentially related conditions in adulthood. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The K-YAMS contacts Kidskin Study participants and invites them to participate using a variety of methods, such as prior contact details, the Australian Electoral Roll and social media. Self-reported and objective measures of sun-exposure and sun-protection behaviours are collected as well as a number of eye measurements including cycloplegic autorefraction and ocular biometry. Data will be analysed to investigate a possible association between myopic refractive error and Kidskin intervention group or measured sun exposure. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The K-YAMS is approved by the Human Research Ethics Committee of the University of Western Australia (RA/4/1/6807). Findings will be disseminated via scientific journals and conferences. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ACTRN12616000812392; Pre-results.
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