Syncytiotrophoblast derived extracellular vesicles transfer functional placental miRNAs to primary human endothelial cells
AuthorCronqvist, T; Tannetta, D; Morgelin, M; Belting, M; Sargent, I; Familari, M; Hansson, SR
Source TitleScientific Reports
PublisherNATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
University of Melbourne Author/sFamilari, Mary
AffiliationSchool of BioSciences
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsCronqvist, T., Tannetta, D., Morgelin, M., Belting, M., Sargent, I., Familari, M. & Hansson, S. R. (2017). Syncytiotrophoblast derived extracellular vesicles transfer functional placental miRNAs to primary human endothelial cells. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 7 (1), https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-04468-0.
Access StatusOpen Access
During the pregnancy associated syndrome preeclampsia (PE), there is increased release of placental syncytiotrophoblast extracellular vesicles (STBEVs) and free foetal haemoglobin (HbF) into the maternal circulation. In the present study we investigated the uptake of normal and PE STBEVs by primary human coronary artery endothelial cells (HCAEC) and the effects of free HbF on this uptake. Our results show internalization of STBEVs into primary HCAEC, and transfer of placenta specific miRNAs from STBEVs into the endoplasmic reticulum and mitochondria of these recipient cells. Further, the transferred miRNAs were functional, causing a down regulation of specific target genes, including the PE associated gene fms related tyrosine kinase 1 (FLT1). When co-treating normal STBEVs with HbF, the miRNA deposition is altered from the mitochondria to the ER and the cell membrane becomes ruffled, as was also seen with PE STBEVs. These findings suggest that STBEVs may cause endothelial damage and contribute to the endothelial dysfunction typical for PE. The miRNA mediated effects on gene expression may contribute to the oxidative and endoplasmic reticulum stress described in PE, as well as endothelial reprogramming that may underlay the increased risk of cardiovascular disease reported for women with PE later in life.
- Click on "Export Reference in RIS Format" and choose "open with... Endnote".
- Click on "Export Reference in RIS Format". Login to Refworks, go to References => Import References