Gap Junctions Link Regular-Spiking and Fast-Spiking Interneurons in Layer 5 Somatosensory Cortex
AuthorHatch, RJ; Mendis, GDC; Kaila, K; Reid, CA; Petrou, S
Source TitleFrontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
PublisherFRONTIERS MEDIA SA
University of Melbourne Author/sPetrou, Steven; Reid, Christopher; Hatch, Robert; Mendis, Gunarathna Dulini Chathurika
AffiliationFlorey Department of Neuroscience and Mental Health
Medicine and Radiology
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsHatch, R. J., Mendis, G. D. C., Kaila, K., Reid, C. A. & Petrou, S. (2017). Gap Junctions Link Regular-Spiking and Fast-Spiking Interneurons in Layer 5 Somatosensory Cortex. FRONTIERS IN CELLULAR NEUROSCIENCE, 11, https://doi.org/10.3389/fncel.2017.00204.
Access StatusOpen Access
Gap junctions form electrical synapses that modulate neuronal activity by synchronizing action potential (AP) firing of cortical interneurons (INs). Gap junctions are thought to form predominantly within cortical INs of the same functional class and are therefore considered to act within discrete neuronal populations. Here, we challenge that view and show that the probability of electrical coupling is the same within and between regular-spiking (RS) and fast-spiking (FS) cortical INs in 16-21 days old mice. Firing properties of these two populations were distinct from other INs types including neurogliaform and low-threshold spiking (LTS) cells. We also demonstrate that pre-junctional APs can depolarize post-junctional neurons and increase the probability of firing. Our findings of frequent gap junction coupling between functionally distinct IN subtypes suggest that cortical IN networks are much more extensive and heterogeneous than previously thought. This may have implications on mechanisms ranging from cognitive functions to modulation of pathological states in epilepsy and other neurological disorders.
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