Variability in development of the striped rice borer, Chilo suppressalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), due to instar number and last instar duration
AuthorLuo, G-H; Yao, J; Yang, Q; Zhang, Z-C; Hoffmann, AA; Fang, J-C
Source TitleScientific Reports
PublisherNATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
University of Melbourne Author/sHoffmann, Ary
AffiliationSchool of BioSciences
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsLuo, G. -H., Yao, J., Yang, Q., Zhang, Z. -C., Hoffmann, A. A. & Fang, J. -C. (2016). Variability in development of the striped rice borer, Chilo suppressalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), due to instar number and last instar duration. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 6 (1), pp.1-7. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep35231.
Access StatusOpen Access
The striped stem borer, Chilo suppressalis (Walker), is an important insect pest of rice which shows substantial variation in developmental duration among individuals. This variation is currently poorly characterized but it is important from a control perspective because pesticides can only target early sensitive instars. It is unclear whether there are key stages that determine the length of developmental duration of individuals and/or whether variation in instar number contributes to this variation. In this study, a laboratory population and a population recently established from the field were used to test variation in development time across instar stages. The duration of developmental time of C. suppressalis started to diverge from the 5th instar onward. Individuals pupated at the 5th, 6th, 7th or even 8th instar stage. In both populations, both the instar at which the larva pupated and the duration of the last larval instar stage determined total developmental time of an individual. There was little impact of the developmental time of early instars on total developmental duration or on instar number prior to pupation. Sex influenced the number of instars but not development time within this number. The biological and applied significance of uneven development in C. suppressalis are discussed.
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