Burden of cardiovascular diseases in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 1990-2015: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study
AuthorMokdad, AH; Tehrani-Banihashemi, A; Moradi-Lakeh, M; El Bcheraoui, C; Charara, R; Khalil, I; Afshin, A; Collison, M; Daoud, F; Krohn, KJ; ...
Source TitleInternational Journal of Public Health
PublisherSPRINGER BASEL AG
University of Melbourne Author/sSzoeke, Cassandra; Meretoja, Atte; Wijeratne, Tissa; Weintraub, Robert
Medicine, Western Health
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsMokdad, A. H., Tehrani-Banihashemi, A., Moradi-Lakeh, M., El Bcheraoui, C., Charara, R., Khalil, I., Afshin, A., Collison, M., Daoud, F., Krohn, K. J., Chew, A., Cornaby, L., Foreman, K. J., Frostad, J., Kassebaum, N. J., Kemmer, L., Kutz, M., Liu, P., Mirarefin, M. ,... Murray, C. J. L. (2018). Burden of cardiovascular diseases in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 1990-2015: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, 63 (Suppl 1), pp.137-149. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00038-017-1012-3.
Access StatusOpen Access
OBJECTIVES: To report the burden of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) during 1990-2015. METHODS: We used the 2015 Global Burden of Disease study for estimates of mortality and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) of different CVD in 22 countries of EMR. RESULTS: A total of 1.4 million CVD deaths (95% UI: 1.3-1.5) occurred in 2015 in the EMR, with the highest number of deaths in Pakistan (465,116) and the lowest number of deaths in Qatar (723). The age-standardized DALY rate per 100,000 decreased from 10,080 in 1990 to 8606 in 2015 (14.6% decrease). Afghanistan had the highest age-standardized DALY rate of CVD in both 1990 and 2015. Kuwait and Qatar had the lowest age-standardized DALY rates of CVD in 1990 and 2015, respectively. High blood pressure, high total cholesterol, and high body mass index were the leading risk factors for CVD. CONCLUSIONS: The age-standardized DALY rates in the EMR are considerably higher than the global average. These findings call for a comprehensive approach to prevent and control the burden of CVD in the region.
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