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dc.contributor.authorWalsh, MG
dc.contributor.authorWiethoelter, A
dc.contributor.authorHaseeb, MA
dc.date.accessioned2020-12-21T02:14:44Z
dc.date.available2020-12-21T02:14:44Z
dc.date.issued2017-08-15
dc.identifierpii: 10.1038/s41598-017-08065-z
dc.identifier.citationWalsh, M. G., Wiethoelter, A. & Haseeb, M. A. (2017). The impact of human population pressure on flying fox niches and the potential consequences for Hendra virus spillover. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 7 (1), https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-08065-z.
dc.identifier.issn2045-2322
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11343/256843
dc.description.abstractHendra virus (HeV) is an emerging pathogen of concern in Australia given its ability to spillover from its reservoir host, pteropid bats, to horses and further on to humans, and the severe clinical presentation typical in these latter incidental hosts. Specific human pressures over recent decades, such as expanding human populations, urbanization, and forest fragmentation, may have altered the ecological niche of Pteropus species acting as natural HeV reservoirs and may modulate spillover risk. This study explored the influence of inter-decadal net human local migration between 1970 and 2000 on changes in the habitat suitability to P. alecto and P. conspicillatus from 1980 to 2015 in eastern Australia. These ecological niches were modeled using boosted regression trees and subsequently fitted, along with additional landscape factors, to HeV spillovers to explore the spatial dependency of this zoonosis. The spatial model showed that the ecological niche of these two flying fox species, the human footprint, and proximity to woody savanna were each strongly associated with HeV spillover and together explained most of the spatial dependency exhibited by this zoonosis. These findings reinforce the potential for anthropogenic pressures to shape the landscape epidemiology of HeV spillover.
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherNATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
dc.titleThe impact of human population pressure on flying fox niches and the potential consequences for Hendra virus spillover
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/s41598-017-08065-z
melbourne.affiliation.departmentVeterinary Biosciences
melbourne.source.titleScientific Reports
melbourne.source.volume7
melbourne.source.issue1
dc.rights.licenseCC BY
melbourne.elementsid1233874
melbourne.contributor.authorWiethoelter, Anke
dc.identifier.eissn2045-2322
melbourne.accessrightsOpen Access


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