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dc.contributor.authorBentley, SV
dc.contributor.authorGreenaway, KH
dc.contributor.authorHaslam, SA
dc.date.accessioned2020-12-21T02:17:45Z
dc.date.available2020-12-21T02:17:45Z
dc.date.issued2017-05-04
dc.identifierpii: PONE-D-16-24135
dc.identifier.citationBentley, S. V., Greenaway, K. H. & Haslam, S. A. (2017). An online paradigm for exploring the self-reference effect. PLOS ONE, 12 (5), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0176611.
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11343/256865
dc.description.abstractPeople reliably encode information more effectively when it is related in some way to the self-a phenomenon known as the self-reference effect. This effect has been recognized in psychological research for almost 40 years, and its scope as a tool for investigating the self-concept is still expanding. The self-reference effect has been used within a broad range of psychological research, from cultural to neuroscientific, cognitive to clinical. Traditionally, the self-reference effect has been investigated in a laboratory context, which limits its applicability in non-laboratory samples. This paper introduces an online version of the self-referential encoding paradigm that yields reliable effects in an easy-to-administer procedure. Across four studies (total N = 658), this new online tool reliably replicated the traditional self-reference effect: in all studies self-referentially encoded words were recalled significantly more than semantically encoded words (d = 0.63). Moreover, the effect sizes obtained with this online tool are similar to those obtained in laboratory samples, and are robust to experimental variations in encoding time (Studies 1 and 2) and recall procedure (Studies 3 and 4), and persist independent of primacy and recency effects (all studies).
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherPUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
dc.titleAn online paradigm for exploring the self-reference effect
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0176611
melbourne.affiliation.departmentMelbourne School of Psychological Sciences
melbourne.source.titlePLoS One
melbourne.source.volume12
melbourne.source.issue5
melbourne.source.pagese0176611-
dc.rights.licenseCC BY
melbourne.elementsid1234057
melbourne.openaccess.pmchttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5417556
melbourne.contributor.authorGreenaway, Katharine
dc.identifier.eissn1932-6203
melbourne.accessrightsOpen Access


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