Metacognitive monitoring and control in visual change detection: Implications for situation awareness and cognitive control
AuthorMcAnally, KI; Morris, AP; Best, C
Source TitlePLoS One
PublisherPUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
University of Melbourne Author/sMcAnally, Kenneth
AffiliationMelbourne School of Psychological Sciences
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsMcAnally, K. I., Morris, A. P. & Best, C. (2017). Metacognitive monitoring and control in visual change detection: Implications for situation awareness and cognitive control. PLOS ONE, 12 (9), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0176032.
Access StatusOpen Access
Metacognitive monitoring and control of situation awareness (SA) are important for a range of safety-critical roles (e.g., air traffic control, military command and control). We examined the factors affecting these processes using a visual change detection task that included representative tactical displays. SA was assessed by asking novice observers to detect changes to a tactical display. Metacognitive monitoring was assessed by asking observers to estimate the probability that they would correctly detect a change, either after study of the display and before the change (judgement of learning; JOL) or after the change and detection response (judgement of performance; JOP). In Experiment 1, observers failed to detect some changes to the display, indicating imperfect SA, but JOPs were reasonably well calibrated to objective performance. Experiment 2 examined JOLs and JOPs in two task contexts: with study-time limits imposed by the task or with self-pacing to meet specified performance targets. JOPs were well calibrated in both conditions as were JOLs for high performance targets. In summary, observers had limited SA, but good insight about their performance and learning for high performance targets and allocated study time appropriately.
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