Efficacy of an imidacloprid/flumethrin collar against fleas, ticks and tick-borne pathogens in dogs
AuthorDantas-Torres, F; Capelli, G; Giannelli, A; Ramos, RAN; Lia, RP; Cantacessi, C; de Caprariis, D; De Tommasi, AS; Latrofa, MS; Lacasella, V; ...
Source TitleParasites and Vectors
University of Melbourne Author/sCantacessi, Cinzia
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsDantas-Torres, F., Capelli, G., Giannelli, A., Ramos, R. A. N., Lia, R. P., Cantacessi, C., de Caprariis, D., De Tommasi, A. S., Latrofa, M. S., Lacasella, V., Tarallo, V. D., Di Paola, G., Qurollo, B., Breitschwerdt, E., Stanneck, D. & Otranto, D. (2013). Efficacy of an imidacloprid/flumethrin collar against fleas, ticks and tick-borne pathogens in dogs. PARASITES & VECTORS, 6 (1), https://doi.org/10.1186/1756-3305-6-245.
Access StatusOpen Access
BACKGROUND: Tick-borne diseases comprise a group of maladies that are of substantial medical and veterinary significance. A range of tick-borne pathogens, including diverse species of bacteria and protozoa, can infect both dogs and humans. Hence, the control of tick infestations is pivotal to decrease or prevent tick-borne pathogen transmission. Therefore, different commercial products with insecticidal, repellent or both properties have been developed for use on dogs. Recently, a collar containing a combination of imidacloprid 10% and flumethrin 4.5% has proven effective to prevent tick and flea infestations in dogs under field conditions and the infection by some vector-borne pathogens they transmit under laboratory-controlled conditions. METHODS: From March 2011 to April 2012, a field study was conducted in a private shelter in southern Italy to assess the efficacy of the imidacloprid/flumethrin collar against tick and flea infestations and to determine if this strategy would decrease tick-borne pathogen transmission in young dogs. A total of 122 animals were enrolled in the study and randomly assigned to group A (n = 64; collared) or group B (n = 58; untreated controls). Dogs were examined monthly for ticks and fleas and systematically tested for selected tick-borne pathogens. RESULTS: Compared to controls, the collar provided overall efficacies of 99.7% and 100% against tick and flea infestation, respectively. The overall efficacy for the prevention of tick-borne pathogens (i.e., Anaplasma platys and Babesia vogeli) was 91.6%. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that the imidacloprid/flumethrin collar is efficacious against flea and tick infestation as well as tick-borne pathogen transmission to dogs under field conditions.
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