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dc.contributor.authorSafra, N
dc.contributor.authorBassuk, AG
dc.contributor.authorFerguson, PJ
dc.contributor.authorAguilar, M
dc.contributor.authorCoulson, RL
dc.contributor.authorThomas, N
dc.contributor.authorHitchens, PL
dc.contributor.authorDickinson, PJ
dc.contributor.authorVernau, KM
dc.contributor.authorWolf, ZT
dc.contributor.authorBannasch, DL
dc.date.accessioned2020-12-21T03:46:55Z
dc.date.available2020-12-21T03:46:55Z
dc.date.issued2013-07-01
dc.identifierpii: PGENETICS-D-13-00878
dc.identifier.citationSafra, N., Bassuk, A. G., Ferguson, P. J., Aguilar, M., Coulson, R. L., Thomas, N., Hitchens, P. L., Dickinson, P. J., Vernau, K. M., Wolf, Z. T. & Bannasch, D. L. (2013). Genome-Wide Association Mapping in Dogs Enables Identification of the Homeobox Gene, NKX2-8, as a Genetic Component of Neural Tube Defects in Humans. PLOS GENETICS, 9 (7), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1003646.
dc.identifier.issn1553-7404
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11343/257349
dc.description.abstractNeural tube defects (NTDs) is a general term for central nervous system malformations secondary to a failure of closure or development of the neural tube. The resulting pathologies may involve the brain, spinal cord and/or vertebral column, in addition to associated structures such as soft tissue or skin. The condition is reported among the more common birth defects in humans, leading to significant infant morbidity and mortality. The etiology remains poorly understood but genetic, nutritional, environmental factors, or a combination of these, are known to play a role in the development of NTDs. The variable conditions associated with NTDs occur naturally in dogs, and have been previously reported in the Weimaraner breed. Taking advantage of the strong linkage-disequilibrium within dog breeds we performed genome-wide association analysis and mapped a genomic region for spinal dysraphism, a presumed NTD, using 4 affected and 96 unaffected Weimaraners. The associated region on canine chromosome 8 (pgenome  =3.0 × 10(-5)), after 100,000 permutations, encodes 18 genes, including NKX2-8, a homeobox gene which is expressed in the developing neural tube. Sequencing NKX2-8 in affected Weimaraners revealed a G to AA frameshift mutation within exon 2 of the gene, resulting in a premature stop codon that is predicted to produce a truncated protein. The exons of NKX2-8 were sequenced in human patients with spina bifida and rare variants (rs61755040 and rs10135525) were found to be significantly over-represented (p=0.036). This is the first documentation of a potential role for NKX2-8 in the etiology of NTDs, made possible by investigating the molecular basis of naturally occurring mutations in dogs.
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherPUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
dc.titleGenome-Wide Association Mapping in Dogs Enables Identification of the Homeobox Gene, NKX2-8, as a Genetic Component of Neural Tube Defects in Humans
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pgen.1003646
melbourne.affiliation.departmentVeterinary Clinical Sciences
melbourne.source.titlePLoS Genetics
melbourne.source.volume9
melbourne.source.issue7
dc.rights.licenseCC BY
melbourne.elementsid1119747
melbourne.contributor.authorHitchens, Peta
dc.identifier.eissn1553-7404
melbourne.accessrightsOpen Access


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