Comparative long-term trend analysis of daily weather conditions with daily pollen concentrations in Brussels, Belgium
AuthorBruffaerts, N; De Smedt, T; Delcloo, A; Simons, K; Hoebeke, L; Verstraeten, C; Van Nieuwenhuyse, A; Packeu, A; Hendrickx, M
Source TitleInternational Journal of Biometeorology: the description, causes, and implications of climatic change
University of Melbourne Author/sSimons, Koen
AffiliationMelbourne School of Population and Global Health
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsBruffaerts, N., De Smedt, T., Delcloo, A., Simons, K., Hoebeke, L., Verstraeten, C., Van Nieuwenhuyse, A., Packeu, A. & Hendrickx, M. (2018). Comparative long-term trend analysis of daily weather conditions with daily pollen concentrations in Brussels, Belgium. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BIOMETEOROLOGY, 62 (3), pp.483-491. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00484-017-1457-3.
Access StatusOpen Access
A clear rise in seasonal and annual temperatures, a gradual increase of total radiation, and a relative trend of change in seasonal precipitation have been observed for the last four decades in Brussels (Belgium). These local modifications may have a direct and indirect public health impact by altering the timing and intensity of allergenic pollen seasons. In this study, we assessed the statistical correlations (Spearman's test) between pollen concentration and meteorological conditions by using long-term daily datasets of 11 pollen types (8 trees and 3 herbaceous plants) and 10 meteorological parameters observed in Brussels between 1982 and 2015. Furthermore, we analyzed the rate of change in the annual cycle of the same selected pollen types by the Mann-Kendall test. We revealed an overall trend of increase in daily airborne tree pollen (except for the European beech tree) and an overall trend of decrease in daily airborne pollen from herbaceous plants (except for Urticaceae). These results revealed an earlier onset of the flowering period for birch, oak, ash, plane, grasses, and Urticaceae. Finally, the rates of change in pollen annual cycles were shown to be associated with the rates of change in the annual cycles of several meteorological parameters such as temperature, radiation, humidity, and rainfall.
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