Prescribing Physical Activity for the Prevention and Treatment of Osteoporosis in Older Adults
Web of Science
AuthorMcMillan, LB; Zengin, A; Ebeling, PR; Scott, D
AffiliationMedicine, Western Health
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsMcMillan, L. B., Zengin, A., Ebeling, P. R. & Scott, D. (2017). Prescribing Physical Activity for the Prevention and Treatment of Osteoporosis in Older Adults. HEALTHCARE, 5 (4), https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare5040085.
Access StatusOpen Access
Osteoporosis is an age-related disease, characterised by low bone mineral density (BMD) and compromised bone geometry and microarchitecture, leading to reduced bone strength. Physical activity (PA) has potential as a therapy for osteoporosis, yet different modalities of PA have varying influences on bone health. This review explores current evidence for the benefits of PA, and targeted exercise regimes for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis in older adults. In particular, the outcomes of interventions involving resistance training, low- and high-impact weight bearing activities, and whole-body vibration therapy are discussed. Finally, we present recommendations for future research that may maximise the potential of exercise in primary and secondary prevention of osteoporosis in the ageing population.
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