Incidence and Mortality Rates and Clinical Characteristics of Type 1 Diabetes among Children and Young Adults in Cochabamba, Bolivia.
AuthorDuarte Gómez, E; Gregory, GA; Castrati Nostas, M; Middlehurst, AC; Jenkins, AJ; Ogle, GD
Source TitleJournal of Diabetes Research
University of Melbourne Author/sJenkins, Alicia
AffiliationMedicine and Radiology
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsDuarte Gómez, E., Gregory, G. A., Castrati Nostas, M., Middlehurst, A. C., Jenkins, A. J. & Ogle, G. D. (2017). Incidence and Mortality Rates and Clinical Characteristics of Type 1 Diabetes among Children and Young Adults in Cochabamba, Bolivia.. J Diabetes Res, 2017, pp.8454757-. https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/8454757.
Access StatusOpen Access
Open Access at PMChttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5602613
OBJECTIVES: To determine incidence, mortality, and clinical status of youth with diabetes at the Centro Vivir con Diabetes, Cochabamba, Bolivia, with support from International Diabetes Federation Life for a Child Program. METHODS: Incidence/mortality data analysis of all cases (<25 year (y)) diagnosed January 2005-February 2017 and cross-sectional data (December 2015). RESULTS: Over 12.2 years, 144 cases with type 1 diabetes (T1D) were diagnosed; 43.1% were male. Diagnosis age was 0.3-22.2 y; peak was 11-12 y. 11.1% were <5 y; 29.2%, 5-<10 y; 43.1%, 10-<15 y; 13.2%, 15-<20 y; and 3.5%, 20-<25 y. The youngest is being investigated for monogenic diabetes. Measured incidence in Cercado Province (Cochabamba Department) was 2.2/100,000 children < 15 y/y, with ≈80% ascertainment, giving total incidence of 2.7/100,000 children < 15 y/y. Two had died. Crude mortality rate was 2.3/1000 patient years. Clinical data on 141 cases <35 y: mean/median HbA1c was 8.5/8.2% (69/62 mmol/mol), levels higher in adolescents. Three were on renal replacement therapy; four others had substantial renal impairment. Elevated BMI, triglycerides, and cholesterol were common: 19.1%, 18.3%, and 39.1%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Bolivia has low T1D incidence. Reasonable glycemic control is being achieved despite limited resources; however, some have serious complications and adverse cardiovascular risk factor profiles. Further attention is needed for complications.
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