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dc.contributor.authorTeixeira Nunes, MR
dc.contributor.authorFaria, NR
dc.contributor.authorde Vasconcelos, JM
dc.contributor.authorGolding, N
dc.contributor.authorKraemer, MUG
dc.contributor.authorde Oliveira, LF
dc.contributor.authorda Silva Azevedo, RDS
dc.contributor.authorAndrade da Silva, DE
dc.contributor.authorPinto da Silva, EV
dc.contributor.authorda Silva, SP
dc.contributor.authorCarvalho, VL
dc.contributor.authorCoelho, GE
dc.contributor.authorRibeiro Cruz, AC
dc.contributor.authorRodrigues, SG
dc.contributor.authorda Silva Goncalves Vianez, JL
dc.contributor.authorDiniz Nunes, BT
dc.contributor.authorCardoso, JF
dc.contributor.authorTesh, RB
dc.contributor.authorHay, SI
dc.contributor.authorPybus, OG
dc.contributor.authorda Costa Vasconcelos, PF
dc.date.accessioned2020-12-22T03:58:22Z
dc.date.available2020-12-22T03:58:22Z
dc.date.issued2015-04-30
dc.identifierpii: 10.1186/s12916-015-0348-x
dc.identifier.citationTeixeira Nunes, M. R., Faria, N. R., de Vasconcelos, J. M., Golding, N., Kraemer, M. U. G., de Oliveira, L. F., da Silva Azevedo, R. D. S., Andrade da Silva, D. E., Pinto da Silva, E. V., da Silva, S. P., Carvalho, V. L., Coelho, G. E., Ribeiro Cruz, A. C., Rodrigues, S. G., da Silva Goncalves Vianez, J. L., Diniz Nunes, B. T., Cardoso, J. F., Tesh, R. B., Hay, S. I. ,... da Costa Vasconcelos, P. F. (2015). Emergence and potential for spread of Chikungunya virus in Brazil. BMC MEDICINE, 13 (1), https://doi.org/10.1186/s12916-015-0348-x.
dc.identifier.issn1741-7015
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11343/257969
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: In December 2013, an outbreak of Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) caused by the Asian genotype was notified in the Caribbean. The outbreak has since spread to 38 regions in the Americas. By September 2014, the first autochthonous CHIKV infections were confirmed in Oiapoque, North Brazil, and in Feira de Santana, Northeast Brazil. METHODS: We compiled epidemiological and clinical data on suspected CHIKV cases in Brazil and polymerase-chain-reaction-based diagnostic was conducted on 68 serum samples from patients with symptom onset between April and September 2014. Two imported and four autochthonous cases were selected for virus propagation, RNA isolation, full-length genome sequencing, and phylogenetic analysis. We then followed CDC/PAHO guidelines to estimate the risk of establishment of CHIKV in Brazilian municipalities. RESULTS: We detected 41 CHIKV importations and 27 autochthonous cases in Brazil. Epidemiological and phylogenetic analyses indicated local transmission of the Asian CHIKV genotype in Oiapoque. Unexpectedly, we also discovered that the ECSA genotype is circulating in Feira de Santana. The presumed index case of the ECSA genotype was an individual who had recently returned from Angola and developed symptoms in Feira de Santana. We estimate that, if CHIKV becomes established in Brazil, transmission could occur in 94% of municipalities in the country and provide maps of the risk of importation of each strain of CHIKV in Brazil. CONCLUSIONS: The etiological strains associated with the early-phase CHIKV outbreaks in Brazil belong to the Asian and ECSA genotypes. Continued surveillance and vector mitigation strategies are needed to reduce the future public health impact of CHIKV in the Americas.
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherBMC
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
dc.titleEmergence and potential for spread of Chikungunya virus in Brazil
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/s12916-015-0348-x
melbourne.affiliation.departmentSchool of BioSciences
melbourne.source.titleBMC Medicine
melbourne.source.volume13
melbourne.source.issue1
dc.rights.licenseCC BY
melbourne.elementsid1182986
melbourne.contributor.authorGolding, Nicholas
dc.identifier.eissn1741-7015
melbourne.accessrightsOpen Access


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