The IMPORTance of the Nucleus during Flavivirus Replication
AuthorLopez-Denman, AJ; Mackenzie, JM
AffiliationMicrobiology and Immunology
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsLopez-Denman, A. J. & Mackenzie, J. M. (2017). The IMPORTance of the Nucleus during Flavivirus Replication. VIRUSES-BASEL, 9 (1), https://doi.org/10.3390/v9010014.
Access StatusOpen Access
Flaviviruses are a large group of arboviruses of significant medical concern worldwide. With outbreaks a common occurrence, the need for efficient viral control is required more than ever. It is well understood that flaviviruses modulate the composition and structure of membranes in the cytoplasm that are crucial for efficient replication and evading immune detection. As the flavivirus genome consists of positive sense RNA, replication can occur wholly within the cytoplasm. What is becoming more evident is that some viral proteins also have the ability to translocate to the nucleus, with potential roles in replication and immune system perturbation. In this review, we discuss the current understanding of flavivirus nuclear localisation, and the function it has during flavivirus infection. We also describe-while closely related-the functional differences between similar viral proteins in their nuclear translocation.
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