The effects on coagulation of the reinfusion of unprocessed residual blood from the cardiopulmonary bypass.
AuthorIyer, Y-L; Hayward, P; McNicol, L; Weinberg, L
Source TitleBMC Research Notes
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
AffiliationSurgery (Austin & Northern Health)
Clinical School (Austin Health)
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsIyer, Y. -L., Hayward, P., McNicol, L. & Weinberg, L. (2016). The effects on coagulation of the reinfusion of unprocessed residual blood from the cardiopulmonary bypass.. BMC Res Notes, 9 (1), pp.61-. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-016-1868-y.
Access StatusOpen Access
Open Access at PMChttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4739327
BACKGROUND: Autologous blood transfusion is a common technique in cardiac surgery to directly re-infuse residual blood from the cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) circuit to the patient. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of reinfusion of unprocessed residual pump blood on the coagulation system after separation from the CPB circuit and reversal of systemic heparin with protamine. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: After ethics approval, 40 participants undergoing cardiac surgery were recruited in a prospective single center cohort study. Changes in coagulation were assessed with standard plasma based laboratory assays and thromboelastography. After the reinfusion of unprocessed residual pump blood there were decreases in the mean aPTT (effect size 6 s; SD: 6.05; p < 0.0001) and thrombin time (effect size 4.08 s; SD: 9.7; p = 0.01). There were no significant changes in PT, INR and D-dimer. Post reinfusion there were increases in fibrinogen, hemoglobin and platelet counts. There were improvements in the R-time (effect size 9.1 s; SD: 16.9; p = 0.0023), K-time (effect size 1.5 s; SD: 3.6 s; p = 0.0017), alpha angle (6.9°; SD: 15.8; p = 0.012), and maximum amplitude (3.0 mm; SD: 5.6, p = 0.002) on thromboelastography. CONCLUSION: The reinfusion of unprocessed residual CPB blood resulted in no deleterious effects on the coagulation system measured by both the common laboratory plasma based measurements of coagulation and thromboelastography.
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