Voxel-based lesion-symptom mapping of stroke lesions underlying somatosensory deficits
AuthorMeyer, S; Kessner, SS; Cheng, B; Bonstrup, M; Schulz, R; Hummel, FC; De Bruyn, N; Peeters, A; Van Pesch, V; Duprez, T; ...
Source TitleNeuroImage: Clinical
PublisherELSEVIER SCI LTD
University of Melbourne Author/sThijs, Vincent
AffiliationFlorey Department of Neuroscience and Mental Health
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsMeyer, S., Kessner, S. S., Cheng, B., Bonstrup, M., Schulz, R., Hummel, F. C., De Bruyn, N., Peeters, A., Van Pesch, V., Duprez, T., Sunaert, S., Schrooten, M., Feys, H., Gerloff, C., Thomalla, G., Thijs, V. & Verheyden, G. (2016). Voxel-based lesion-symptom mapping of stroke lesions underlying somatosensory deficits. NEUROIMAGE-CLINICAL, 10, pp.257-266. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nicl.2015.12.005.
Access StatusOpen Access
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between stroke lesion location and the resulting somatosensory deficit. We studied exteroceptive and proprioceptive somatosensory symptoms and stroke lesions in 38 patients with first-ever acute stroke. The Erasmus modified Nottingham Sensory Assessment was used to clinically evaluate somatosensory functioning in the arm and hand within the first week after stroke onset. Additionally, more objective measures such as the perceptual threshold of touch and somatosensory evoked potentials were recorded. Non-parametric voxel-based lesion-symptom mapping was performed to investigate lesion contribution to different somatosensory deficits in the upper limb. Additionally, structural connectivity of brain areas that demonstrated the strongest association with somatosensory symptoms was determined, using probabilistic fiber tracking based on diffusion tensor imaging data from a healthy age-matched sample. Voxels with a significant association to somatosensory deficits were clustered in two core brain regions: the central parietal white matter, also referred to as the sensory component of the superior thalamic radiation, and the parietal operculum close to the insular cortex, representing the secondary somatosensory cortex. Our objective recordings confirmed findings from clinical assessments. Probabilistic tracking connected the first region to thalamus, internal capsule, brain stem, postcentral gyrus, cerebellum, and frontal pathways, while the second region demonstrated structural connections to thalamus, insular and primary somatosensory cortex. This study reveals that stroke lesions in the sensory fibers of the superior thalamocortical radiation and the parietal operculum are significantly associated with multiple exteroceptive and proprioceptive deficits in the arm and hand.
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