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dc.contributor.authorKierdorf, U
dc.contributor.authorDeath, C
dc.contributor.authorHufschmid, J
dc.contributor.authorWitzel, C
dc.contributor.authorKierdorf, H
dc.date.accessioned2020-12-22T05:43:04Z
dc.date.available2020-12-22T05:43:04Z
dc.date.issued2016-02-19
dc.identifierpii: PONE-D-15-44961
dc.identifier.citationKierdorf, U., Death, C., Hufschmid, J., Witzel, C. & Kierdorf, H. (2016). Developmental and Post-Eruptive Defects in Molar Enamel of Free-Ranging Eastern Grey Kangaroos (Macropus giganteus) Exposed to High Environmental Levels of Fluoride. PLOS ONE, 11 (2), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0147427.
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11343/258343
dc.description.abstractDental fluorosis has recently been diagnosed in wild marsupials inhabiting a high-fluoride area in Victoria, Australia. Information on the histopathology of fluorotic marsupial enamel has thus far not been available. This study analyzed the developmental and post-eruptive defects in fluorotic molar enamel of eastern grey kangaroos (Macropus giganteus) from the same high-fluoride area using light microscopy and backscattered electron imaging in the scanning electron microscope. The fluorotic enamel exhibited a brownish to blackish discolouration due to post-eruptive infiltration of stains from the oral cavity and was less resistant to wear than normally mineralized enamel of kangaroos from low-fluoride areas. Developmental defects of enamel included enamel hypoplasia and a pronounced hypomineralization of the outer (sub-surface) enamel underneath a thin rim of well-mineralized surface enamel. While the hypoplastic defects denote a disturbance of ameloblast function during the secretory stage of amelogenesis, the hypomineralization is attributed to an impairment of enamel maturation. In addition to hypoplastic defects, the fluorotic molars also exhibited numerous post-eruptive enamel defects due to the flaking-off of portions of the outer, hypomineralized enamel layer during mastication. The macroscopic and histopathological lesions in fluorotic enamel of M. giganteus match those previously described for placental mammals. It is therefore concluded that there exist no principal differences in the pathogenic mechanisms of dental fluorosis between marsupial and placental mammals. The regular occurrence of hypomineralized, opaque outer enamel in the teeth of M. giganteus and other macropodids must be considered in the differential diagnosis of dental fluorosis in these species.
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherPUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
dc.titleDevelopmental and Post-Eruptive Defects in Molar Enamel of Free-Ranging Eastern Grey Kangaroos (Macropus giganteus) Exposed to High Environmental Levels of Fluoride
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0147427
melbourne.affiliation.departmentVeterinary Biosciences
melbourne.source.titlePLoS One
melbourne.source.volume11
melbourne.source.issue2
dc.rights.licenseCC BY
melbourne.elementsid1040621
melbourne.contributor.authorDeath, Clare
melbourne.contributor.authorHufschmid, Jasmin
dc.identifier.eissn1932-6203
melbourne.accessrightsOpen Access


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