A hyperendemic focus of porcine cystic echinococcosis in the Banke District of Nepal
AuthorDonadeu, M; Gauci, CG; Poudel, I; Sah, K; Singh, DK; Jabbar, A; Lightowlers, MW
Source TitleActa Tropica
University of Melbourne Author/sDonadeu, Meritxell; Gauci, Charles; Jabbar, Abdul; Lightowlers, Marshall
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsDonadeu, M., Gauci, C. G., Poudel, I., Sah, K., Singh, D. K., Jabbar, A. & Lightowlers, M. W. (2020). A hyperendemic focus of porcine cystic echinococcosis in the Banke District of Nepal. ACTA TROPICA, 201, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2019.105203.
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Detailed post mortem analyses of 68 free-ranging, slaughter-age pigs from two sites in the Banke District of Nepal identified 36% as being infected with Echinococcus granulosus. The cysts ranged from infertile, immature cysts a few millimetres in diameter to fertile cysts >10 cm in diameter. PCR RFLP and DNA sequencing identified the cysts as being E. granulosus sensu stricto. The Banke district has recently been identified as having a high prevalence of porcine cysticercosis. These data suggest that cestode zoonoses in this, and possibly other parts of Nepal may be a serious concern for human health. An assessment of the level of human cystic echinococcosis and neurocysticercosis, in the region is warranted and the introduction of control measures are required to limit the parasites' transmission.
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