Modelling search and session effectiveness
AuthorWicaksono, Alfan Farizki
AffiliationComputing and Information Systems
Document TypePhD thesis
Access StatusOpen Access
© 2020 Alfan Farizki Wicaksono
Search effectiveness metrics are used to quantify the quality of a ranked list of search results relative to a query. One line of argument suggests that incorporating user behaviour into the measurement of search effectiveness via a user model is useful, so that the metric scores reflect what the user has experienced during the search process. A wide range of metrics has been proposed, and many of these metrics correspond to user models. In reality users often reformulate their queries during the course of the session. Hence, it is desirable to involve both query- and session-level behaviours in the development of model-based metrics. In this thesis, we use interaction data from commercial search engines and laboratory-based user studies to model query- and session-level search behaviours, and user satisfaction; to inform the method for evaluation of search sessions; and to explore the interaction between user models, metric scores, and satisfaction. We consider two goals in session evaluation. The first goal is to develop an effectiveness model for session evaluation; and the second goal is to establish a fitted relationship between individual query scores and session-level satisfaction ratings. To achieve the first goal, we investigate factors that affect query- and session-level behaviours, and develop a new session-based user model that provides a closer fit to the observed behaviour than do previous models. This model is then used to devise a new session-based metric, sINST. In regard to the second goal, we explore variables influencing session-level satisfaction, and suggest that the combination of both query positional and quality factors provides a better correlation with session satisfaction than those based on query position alone. Based on this observation, we propose a novel query-to-session aggregation function, that is useful for scoring sessions when sequences of query reformulations are observed. We also propose a meta-evaluation framework that allows metric comparisons based on empirical evidence derived from search interaction logs, and investigate the connection between predicted behaviour and observed behaviour, and between metric scores and user satisfaction at both query and session-levels.
Keywordsinformation retrieval; web search; search effectiveness; user model; user behaviour; session effectiveness
- Click on "Export Reference in RIS Format" and choose "open with... Endnote".
- Click on "Export Reference in RIS Format". Login to Refworks, go to References => Import References