Unhealthy habits persist: The ongoing presence of modifiable risk factors for disease in women
AuthorSzoeke, C; Dang, C; Lehert, P; Hickey, M; Morris, ME; Dennerstein, L; Campbell, S
Source TitlePLoS One
PublisherPUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
University of Melbourne Author/sSzoeke, Cassandra; Dennerstein, Lorraine; Campbell, Stephen; Lehert, Philippe; Hickey, Martha; Dang, Tri Christa K
AffiliationMedicine and Radiology
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsSzoeke, C., Dang, C., Lehert, P., Hickey, M., Morris, M. E., Dennerstein, L. & Campbell, S. (2017). Unhealthy habits persist: The ongoing presence of modifiable risk factors for disease in women. PLOS ONE, 12 (4), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0173603.
Access StatusOpen Access
NHMRC Grant codeNHMRC/547600
OBJECTIVES: Vascular disease remains a leading cause of death. There are several vascular risk factors identified that can mitigate development of disease in ageing. We examine reported rates of modifiable risk factors in women responding to an online health questionnaire advertised by popular media. METHODS: A sample of 26 620 women aged over 18 was examined in 2015 with a cross-sectional health questionnaire. The questionnaire included self-reported health, mood, lifestyle and vascular risk factors. RESULTS: There remains high rates of modifiable risk factors present in women. The vast majority of women (80%) reported not eating enough fruit and vegetables. Compared to the guidelines for health, the majority did not perform enough weekly physical activity (70%) and more than half the participants were overweight (54%). Sufficient fruit, vegetables, fish, legumes and physical activity were reported in less than 30% of women! CONCLUSIONS: Women continue to report low rates of physical activity, fruit and vegetable intake and higher BMI than recommended for good health, despite worldwide health promotion activities aimed at changing these lifestyle factors. Programs to support healthy living need to be reviewed and revised to reduce the burden of vascular disease and dementia in women. Previous guidelines are not having the important impact they should, particularly in women.
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