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dc.contributor.authorGravely, S
dc.contributor.authorFong, GT
dc.contributor.authorCummings, KM
dc.contributor.authorYan, M
dc.contributor.authorQuah, ACK
dc.contributor.authorBorland, R
dc.contributor.authorYong, H-H
dc.contributor.authorHitchman, SC
dc.contributor.authorMcNeill, A
dc.contributor.authorHammond, D
dc.contributor.authorThrasher, JF
dc.contributor.authorWillemsen, MC
dc.contributor.authorSeo, HG
dc.contributor.authorJiang, Y
dc.contributor.authorCavalcante, T
dc.contributor.authorPerez, C
dc.contributor.authorOmar, M
dc.contributor.authorHummel, K
dc.date.accessioned2021-02-04T00:18:22Z
dc.date.available2021-02-04T00:18:22Z
dc.date.issued2014-11-01
dc.identifierpii: ijerph111111691
dc.identifier.citationGravely, S., Fong, G. T., Cummings, K. M., Yan, M., Quah, A. C. K., Borland, R., Yong, H. -H., Hitchman, S. C., McNeill, A., Hammond, D., Thrasher, J. F., Willemsen, M. C., Seo, H. G., Jiang, Y., Cavalcante, T., Perez, C., Omar, M. & Hummel, K. (2014). Awareness, Trial, and Current Use of Electronic Cigarettes in 10 Countries: Findings from the ITC Project. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, 11 (11), pp.11691-11704. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph111111691.
dc.identifier.issn1660-4601
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11343/259078
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: In recent years, electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) have generated considerable interest and debate on the implications for tobacco control and public health. Although the rapid growth of e-cigarettes is global, at present, little is known about awareness and use. This paper presents self-reported awareness, trial and current use of e-cigarettes in 10 countries surveyed between 2009 and 2013; for six of these countries, we present the first data on e-cigarettes from probability samples of adult smokers. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of probability samples of adult (≥ 18 years) current and former smokers participating in the International Tobacco Control (ITC) surveys from 10 countries. Surveys were administered either via phone, face-to-face interviews, or the web. Survey questions included sociodemographic and smoking-related variables, and questions about e-cigarette awareness, trial and current use. RESULTS: There was considerable cross-country variation by year of data collection and for awareness of e-cigarettes (Netherlands (2013: 88%), Republic of Korea (2010: 79%), United States (2010: 73%), Australia (2013: 66%), Malaysia (2011: 62%), United Kingdom (2010: 54%), Canada (2010: 40%), Brazil (2013: 37%), Mexico (2012: 34%), and China (2009: 31%)), in self-reports of ever having tried e-cigarettes (Australia, (20%), Malaysia (19%), Netherlands (18%), United States (15%), Republic of Korea (11%), United Kingdom (10%), Brazil (8%), Mexico (4%), Canada (4%), and China (2%)), and in current use (Malaysia (14%), Republic of Korea (7%), Australia (7%), United States (6%), United Kingdom (4%), Netherlands (3%), Canada (1%), and China (0.05%)) [corrected]. CONCLUSIONS: The cross-country variability in awareness, trial, and current use of e-cigarettes is likely due to a confluence of country-specific market factors, tobacco control policies and regulations (e.g., the legal status of e-cigarettes and nicotine), and the survey timing along the trajectory of e-cigarette awareness and trial/use in each country. These ITC results constitute an important snapshot of an early stage of what appears to be a rapid progression of global e-cigarette use.
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherMDPI
dc.titleAwareness, Trial, and Current Use of Electronic Cigarettes in 10 Countries: Findings from the ITC Project
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/ijerph111111691
melbourne.affiliation.departmentMelbourne School of Psychological Sciences
melbourne.affiliation.facultyMedicine, Dentistry & Health Sciences
melbourne.source.titleInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
melbourne.source.volume11
melbourne.source.issue11
melbourne.source.pages11691-11704
dc.rights.licenseCC BY
melbourne.elementsid1202325
melbourne.contributor.authorBorland, Ronald
dc.identifier.eissn1660-4601
melbourne.accessrightsOpen Access


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