Challenging future, challenging past: the relationship of social integration and psychological impairment in traumatized refugees
AuthorSchick, M; Zumwald, A; Knoepfli, B; Nickerson, A; Bryant, RA; Schnyder, U; Mueller, J; Morina, N
Source TitleEuropean Journal of Psychotraumatology
PublisherTAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
University of Melbourne Author/sBryant, Richard
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsSchick, M., Zumwald, A., Knoepfli, B., Nickerson, A., Bryant, R. A., Schnyder, U., Mueller, J. & Morina, N. (2016). Challenging future, challenging past: the relationship of social integration and psychological impairment in traumatized refugees. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOTRAUMATOLOGY, 7 (1), https://doi.org/10.3402/ejpt.v7.28057.
Access StatusOpen Access
BACKGROUND: Refugees have been shown to present high prevalence rates of trauma-related mental disorders. Despite their psychological impairment, they are expected to meet high functional requirements in terms of social integration into, and financial independence from, the host society. METHODS: This cross-sectional study examined the relationship of mental health problems, post-migration living difficulties (PMLD), and social integration in a sample of 104 refugees seeking treatment for severe posttraumatic stress and comorbid symptoms in two outpatient clinics in Switzerland. RESULTS: Despite an average time of residence in Switzerland of over 10 years, participants showed poor integration and a high number of PMLD. Integration difficulties were closely associated with psychological symptoms, but not with socio-demographic parameters such as education or visa status. CONCLUSIONS: Psychological impairment in treatment-seeking traumatized refugees is associated with poor integration. To foster social integration, it is crucial to better understand and address the specific needs of this highly vulnerable population.
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