Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorYoung, D
dc.contributor.authorYong, H-H
dc.contributor.authorBorland, R
dc.contributor.authorShahab, L
dc.contributor.authorHammond, D
dc.contributor.authorCummings, KM
dc.contributor.authorWilson, N
dc.date.accessioned2021-02-04T00:45:14Z
dc.date.available2021-02-04T00:45:14Z
dc.date.issued2012
dc.identifier.citationYoung, D., Yong, H. -H., Borland, R., Shahab, L., Hammond, D., Cummings, K. M. & Wilson, N. (2012). Trends in roll-your-own smoking: findings from the ITC Four-Country Survey (2002-2008).. J Environ Public Health, 2012, pp.406283-. https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/406283.
dc.identifier.issn1687-9805
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11343/259183
dc.description.abstractOBJECTIVE: To establish the trends in prevalence, and correlates, of roll-your-own (RYO) use in Canada, USA, UK and Australia, 2002-2008. METHODS: Participants were 19,456 cigarette smokers interviewed during the longitudinal International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four-Country Survey in Canada, USA, UK, and Australia. RESULTS: "Predominant" RYO use (i.e., >50% of cigarettes smoked) increased significantly in the UK and USA as a proportion of all cigarette use (both P < .001) and in all countries as a proportion of any RYO use (all P < .010). Younger, financially stressed smokers are disproportionately contributing to "some" use (i.e., ≤50% of cigarettes smoked). Relative cost was the major reason given for using RYO, and predominant RYO use is consistently and significantly associated with low income. CONCLUSIONS: RYO market trends reflect the price advantages accruing to RYO (a product of favourable taxation regimes in some jurisdictions reinforced by the enhanced control over the amount of tobacco used), especially following the impact of the Global Financial Crisis; the availability of competing low-cost alternatives to RYO; accessibility of duty-free RYO tobacco; and tobacco industry niche marketing strategies. If policy makers want to ensure that the RYO option does not inhibit the fight to end the tobacco epidemic, especially amongst the disadvantaged, they need to reduce the price advantage, target additional health messages at (young) RYO users, and challenge niche marketing of RYO by the industry.
dc.languageeng
dc.publisherHindawi Limited
dc.titleTrends in roll-your-own smoking: findings from the ITC Four-Country Survey (2002-2008).
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.identifier.doi10.1155/2012/406283
melbourne.affiliation.departmentMelbourne School of Psychological Sciences
melbourne.affiliation.facultyMedicine, Dentistry & Health Sciences
melbourne.source.titleJournal of Environmental and Public Health
melbourne.source.volume2012
melbourne.source.pages406283-
dc.rights.licenseCC BY
melbourne.elementsid1202348
melbourne.openaccess.pmchttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3361236
melbourne.contributor.authorBorland, Ronald
dc.identifier.eissn1687-9813
melbourne.accessrightsOpen Access


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record