Melatonin Protects Human Adipose-Derived Stem Cells from Oxidative Stress and Cell Death
AuthorTan, SS; Han, X; Sivakumaran, P; Lim, SY; Morrison, WA
Source TitleArchives of Plastic Surgery
PublisherKOREAN SOC PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY
University of Melbourne Author/sLim, Shiang
AffiliationSurgery (St Vincent's)
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsTan, S. S., Han, X., Sivakumaran, P., Lim, S. Y. & Morrison, W. A. (2016). Melatonin Protects Human Adipose-Derived Stem Cells from Oxidative Stress and Cell Death. ARCHIVES OF PLASTIC SURGERY-APS, 43 (3), pp.237-241. https://doi.org/10.5999/aps.2016.43.3.237.
Access StatusOpen Access
BACKGROUND: Adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) have applications in regenerative medicine based on their therapeutic potential to repair and regenerate diseased and damaged tissue. They are commonly subject to oxidative stress during harvest and transplantation, which has detrimental effects on their subsequent viability. By functioning as an antioxidant against free radicals, melatonin may exert cytoprotective effects on ASCs. METHODS: We cultured human ASCs in the presence of varying dosages of hydrogen peroxide and/or melatonin for a period of 3 hours. Cell viability and apoptosis were determined with propidium iodide and Hoechst 33342 staining under fluorescence microscopy. RESULTS: Hydrogen peroxide (1-2.5 mM) treatment resulted in an incremental increase in cell death. 2 mM hydrogen peroxide was thereafter selected as the dose for co-treatment with melatonin. Melatonin alone had no adverse effects on ASCs. Co-treatment of ASCs with melatonin in the presence of hydrogen peroxide protected ASCs from cell death in a dose-dependent manner, and afforded maximal protection at 100 µM (n=4, one-way analysis of variance P<0.001). Melatonin co-treated ASCs displayed significantly fewer apoptotic cells, as demonstrated by condensed and fragmented nuclei under fluorescence microscopy. CONCLUSIONS: Melatonin possesses cytoprotective properties against oxidative stress in human ASCs and might be a useful adjunct in fat grafting and cell-assisted lipotransfer.
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