Calculation of Haem Iron Intake and Its Role in the Development of Iron Deficiency in Young Women from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health
AuthorReeves, AJ; McEvoy, MA; MacDonald-Wicks, LK; Barker, D; Attia, J; Hodge, AM; Patterson, AJ
University of Melbourne Author/sHodge, Allison
AffiliationMelbourne School of Population and Global Health
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsReeves, A. J., McEvoy, M. A., MacDonald-Wicks, L. K., Barker, D., Attia, J., Hodge, A. M. & Patterson, A. J. (2017). Calculation of Haem Iron Intake and Its Role in the Development of Iron Deficiency in Young Women from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health. NUTRIENTS, 9 (5), https://doi.org/10.3390/nu9050515.
Access StatusOpen Access
Total iron intake is not strongly associated with iron stores, but haem iron intake may be more predictive. Haem iron is not available in most nutrient databases, so experimentally determined haem contents were applied to an Australian Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) to estimate haem iron intake in a representative sample of young women (25-30 years). The association between dietary haem iron intakes and incident self-reported diagnosed iron deficiency over six years of follow-up was examined. Haem iron contents for Australian red meats, fish, and poultry were applied to haem-containing foods in the Dietary Questionnaire for Epidemiological Studies V2 (DQESv2) FFQ. Haem iron intakes were calculated for 9076 women from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health (ALSWH) using the DQESv2 dietary data from 2003. Logistic regression was used to examine the association between haem iron intake (2003) and the incidence of iron deficiency in 2006 and 2009. Multiple logistic regression showed baseline haem iron intake was a statistically significant predictor of iron deficiency in 2006 (Odds Ratio (OR): 0.91; 95% Confidence Interval (CI): 0.84-0.99; p-value: 0.020) and 2009 (OR: 0.89; 95% CI: 0.82-0.99; p-value: 0.007). Using the energy-adjusted haem intake made little difference to the associations. Higher haem iron intake is associated with reduced odds of iron deficiency developing in young adult Australian women.
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