Anterior and Posterior Ocular Biometry in Healthy Chinese Subjects: Data Based on AS-OCT and SS-OCT
AuthorHuang, W; Gao, X; Li, X; Wang, J; Chen, S; Wang, W; Du, S; He, M; Zhang, X
Source TitlePLoS One
PublisherPUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
University of Melbourne Author/sHe, Mingguang
AffiliationOphthalmology (Eye & Ear Hospital)
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsHuang, W., Gao, X., Li, X., Wang, J., Chen, S., Wang, W., Du, S., He, M. & Zhang, X. (2015). Anterior and Posterior Ocular Biometry in Healthy Chinese Subjects: Data Based on AS-OCT and SS-OCT. PLOS ONE, 10 (3), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0121740.
Access StatusOpen Access
BACKGROUND: To measure the anterior and posterior ocular biometric characteristics concurrently and to determine the relationship between the iris and choroid in healthy Chinese subjects. METHODS: A total of 148 subjects (270 eyes) were enrolled in this cross-section study. The anterior and posterior ocular biometric characteristics were measured simultaneously by anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) and swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT). RESULTS: Compared with male eyes, female eyes had narrower anterior biometric parameters that presented with smaller anterior segment parameters [including anterior chamber depth (ACD), width (ACW), area (ACA), and volume (ACV); (all p<0.001)], narrower anterior chamber angle parameters [including angle opening distance (AOD750), trabecular-iris space area (TISA750), and angle recess area (ARA); (all p<0.001)], higher iris curvature (ICURV) (p = 0.003), and larger lens vaults (LV) (p = 0.019). These anterior ocular biometric parameters were correlated with increasing age (p<0.01). Iris thickness (IT750) and iris area (IAREA) were associated with age, ACW, and pupil diameter (all p<0.05), while choroidal thickness (CT) was associated with age, gender, and axial length (all p<0.05). Univariate regression analysis showed that greater CT was significantly associated with smaller IAREA (p = 0.026). CONCLUSION: Compared with male eyes, female eyes had narrower anterior biometric parameters that correlated with increasing age, which would be helpful in explaining the higher prevalence of angle closure rates in the female gender and in aging people. Increased CT might be associated with smaller iris area; however, this possibility needs to be investigated in future studies before this conclusion is made.
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