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dc.contributor.authorHolm, AL
dc.contributor.authorVeerman, L
dc.contributor.authorCobiac, L
dc.contributor.authorEkholm, O
dc.contributor.authorDiderichsen, F
dc.date.accessioned2021-02-12T00:25:49Z
dc.date.available2021-02-12T00:25:49Z
dc.date.issued2014
dc.identifierpii: PONE-D-13-35594
dc.identifier.citationHolm, A. L., Veerman, L., Cobiac, L., Ekholm, O. & Diderichsen, F. (2014). Cost-effectiveness of preventive interventions to reduce alcohol consumption in Denmark.. PLoS One, 9 (2), pp.e88041-. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0088041.
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11343/260596
dc.description.abstractINTRODUCTION: Excessive alcohol consumption increases the risk of many diseases and injuries, and the Global Burden of Disease 2010 study estimated that 6% of the burden of disease in Denmark is due to alcohol consumption. Alcohol consumption thus places a considerable economic burden on society. METHODS: We analysed the cost-effectiveness of six interventions aimed at preventing alcohol abuse in the adult Danish population: 30% increased taxation, increased minimum legal drinking age, advertisement bans, limited hours of retail sales, and brief and longer individual interventions. Potential health effects were evaluated as changes in incidence, prevalence and mortality of alcohol-related diseases and injuries. Net costs were calculated as the sum of intervention costs and cost offsets related to treatment of alcohol-related outcomes, based on health care costs from Danish national registers. Cost-effectiveness was evaluated by calculating incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs) for each intervention. We also created an intervention pathway to determine the optimal sequence of interventions and their combined effects. RESULTS: Three of the analysed interventions (advertising bans, limited hours of retail sales and taxation) were cost-saving, and the remaining three interventions were all cost-effective. Net costs varied from € -17 million per year for advertisement ban to € 8 million for longer individual intervention. Effectiveness varied from 115 disability-adjusted life years (DALY) per year for minimum legal drinking age to 2,900 DALY for advertisement ban. The total annual effect if all interventions were implemented would be 7,300 DALY, with a net cost of € -30 million. CONCLUSION: Our results show that interventions targeting the whole population were more effective than individual-focused interventions. A ban on alcohol advertising, limited hours of retail sale and increased taxation had the highest probability of being cost-saving and should thus be first priority for implementation.
dc.languageeng
dc.publisherPublic Library of Science (PLoS)
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
dc.titleCost-effectiveness of preventive interventions to reduce alcohol consumption in Denmark.
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0088041
melbourne.affiliation.departmentMelbourne School of Population and Global Health
melbourne.affiliation.facultyMedicine, Dentistry & Health Sciences
melbourne.source.titlePLoS One
melbourne.source.volume9
melbourne.source.issue2
melbourne.source.pagese88041-
dc.rights.licenseCC BY
melbourne.elementsid1075868
melbourne.openaccess.pmchttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3914889
melbourne.contributor.authorCOBIAC, LINDA
dc.identifier.eissn1932-6203
melbourne.accessrightsOpen Access


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