Reduced IL-17A Secretion Is Associated with High Levels of Pneumococcal Nasopharyngeal Carriage in Fijian Children
AuthorHoe, E; Boelsen, LK; Toh, ZQ; Sun, GW; Koo, GC; Balloch, A; Marimla, R; Dunne, EM; Tikoduadua, L; Russell, FM; ...
Source TitlePLoS One
PublisherPUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
University of Melbourne Author/sRussell, Fiona; Satzke, Catherine; Boelsen, Laura; Licciardi, Paul; Mulholland, Edward
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsHoe, E., Boelsen, L. K., Toh, Z. Q., Sun, G. W., Koo, G. C., Balloch, A., Marimla, R., Dunne, E. M., Tikoduadua, L., Russell, F. M., Satzke, C., Mulholland, E. K. & Licciardi, P. V. (2015). Reduced IL-17A Secretion Is Associated with High Levels of Pneumococcal Nasopharyngeal Carriage in Fijian Children. PLOS ONE, 10 (6), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0129199.
Access StatusOpen Access
Streptococcus pneumonia (the pneumococcus) is the leading vaccine preventable cause of serious infections in infants under 5 years of age. The major correlate of protection for pneumococcal infections is serotype-specific IgG antibody. More recently, antibody-independent mechanisms of protection have also been identified. Preclinical studies have found that IL-17 secreting CD4+ Th17 cells in reducing pneumococcal colonisation. This study assessed IL-17A levels in children from Fiji with high and low pneumococcal carriage density, as measured by quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR). We studied Th17 responses in 54 children who were designated as high density carriers (N=27, >8.21x10(5) CFU/ml) or low density carriers (N=27, <1.67x10(5) CFU/ml). Blood samples were collected, and isolated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were stimulated for 6 days. Supernatants were harvested for cytokine analysis by multiplex bead array and/or ELISA. Th17 cytokines assayed included IL-17A, IL-21, IL-22 as well as TNF-α, IL-10, TGF-β, IL-6, IL-23 and IFNγ. Cytokine levels were significantly lower in children with high density pneumococcal carriage compared with children with low density carriage for IL-17A (p=0.002) and IL-23 (p=0.04). There was a trend towards significance for IL-22 (p=0.057) while no difference was observed for the other cytokines. These data provide further support for the role of Th17-mediated protection in humans and suggest that these cytokines may be important in the defence against pneumococcal carriage.
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