Measuring Turnover of SIV DNA in Resting CD4+T Cells Using Pyrosequencing: Implications for the Timing of HIV Eradication Therapies
AuthorReece, JC; Martyushev, A; Petravic, J; Grimm, A; Gooneratne, S; Amaresena, T; De Rose, R; Loh, L; Davenport, MP; Kent, SJ
Source TitlePLoS One
PublisherPUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
University of Melbourne Author/sLoh, Liyen; Gooneratne, Dona; Reece, Jeanette; Kent, Stephen; De Rose, Robert; Amarasena, Haripriya
AffiliationMicrobiology and Immunology
Medicine and Radiology
Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
Melbourne School of Population and Global Health
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsReece, J. C., Martyushev, A., Petravic, J., Grimm, A., Gooneratne, S., Amaresena, T., De Rose, R., Loh, L., Davenport, M. P. & Kent, S. J. (2014). Measuring Turnover of SIV DNA in Resting CD4+T Cells Using Pyrosequencing: Implications for the Timing of HIV Eradication Therapies. PLOS ONE, 9 (4), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0093330.
Access StatusOpen Access
Resting CD4+ T cells are a reservoir of latent HIV-1. Understanding the turnover of HIV DNA in these cells has implications for the development of eradication strategies. Most studies of viral latency focus on viral persistence under antiretroviral therapy (ART). We studied the turnover of SIV DNA resting CD4+ T cells during active infection in a cohort of 20 SIV-infected pigtail macaques. We compared SIV sequences at two Mane-A1*084:01-restricted CTL epitopes using serial plasma RNA and resting CD4+ T cell DNA samples by pyrosequencing, and used a mathematical modeling approach to estimate SIV DNA turnover. We found SIV DNA turnover in resting CD4+ T cells was slow in animals with low chronic viral loads, consistent with the long persistence of latency seen under ART. However, in animals with high levels of chronic viral replication, turnover was high. SIV DNA half-life within resting CD4 cells correleated with viral load (p = 0.0052) at the Gag KP9 CTL epitope. At a second CTL epitope in Tat (KVA10) there was a trend towards an association of SIV DNA half-life in resting CD4 cells and viral load (p = 0.0971). Further, we found that the turnover of resting CD4+ T cell SIV DNA was higher for escape during early infection than for escape later in infection (p = 0.0084). Our results suggest viral DNA within resting CD4 T cells is more labile and may be more susceptible to reactivation/eradication treatments when there are higher levels of virus replication and during early/acute infection.
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